When it comes to ground meat (or most meats for that matter), it's a simple equation: Fat equals flavor and moisture.
It would follow then that a low-fat burger should be dry and tasteless, right? Not necessarily.
While it may be tempting to go for 90 or 95 percent lean ground beef or turkey when crafting a leaner burger, the results will be disappointing.
A better choice is to use a juicier 85 percent lean meat and find other ways to cut the fat.
The secret is in knowing how to pad your patty by using healthy ingredients mixed into the ground meat that can enhance the flavor while also reducing the amount of meat (and fat) in each burger.
Ingredients such as whole-grain bread crumbs, couscous or prepared bulgur often are used for making meatballs and meatloaf, and they work just as well in burgers, too.
As a rule of thumb, it's best not to add filler at more than a one-to-three ratio to the meat; otherwise the hamburger patties will tend to fall apart, especially on the grill. Dry ingredients also tend to work better than moist ones.
If you'd like to use vegetables to bulk up your burgers, it's best to drain the ingredients well. For instance, you can use flavor-packed roasted red peppers or sun-dried tomatoes, but be sure to thoroughly blot away any excess packing liquids with paper towels before chopping and adding them to your meat.
This recipe for chili turkey burgers uses black beans to reduce fat while adding extra bulk and fiber. The beans are mashed with sauteed onion and garlic that have been spiced with ground cumin and minced jalapeno.
This mixture then is combined with lean ground turkey (not the 99-percent lean kind!), and a few tablespoons of tomato paste for a touch of acidity and extra binding power.
For more daring palates, you can jack up the heat by adding a few more chilies, a few dashes of your favorite hot sauce or using habaneros instead of the tamer jalapenos.