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Bonaire diving rich with underwater treasures

Divers and snorkelers flock to Bonaire to experience colorful underwater treasures such as tube sponges and brain coral.

Associated Press

Divers and snorkelers flock to Bonaire to experience colorful underwater treasures such as tube sponges and brain coral.

KRALENDIJK, Bonaire — On a slow ascent to the water's surface from 60 feet down, the divemaster spots something thrilling along the reef off Bonaire and extends her hand with all five fingers wiggling excitedly. It's a signal that can only mean one thing: octopus!

Scuttling around coral, the octopus quickly scrunches up into an eight-armed torpedo and squirts away. Soon, it stops to unfold itself on a sandy patch of the reef — almost as if to pose the best side of its bulbous, mushy head. Then, it camouflages into the seascape right before our eyes.

It's a surprise to see how quickly the shape-shifter fades into the reef's backdrop. But surprises tend to be the norm in this unique marine park with a plentiful array of coral, fish and sea creatures. It doesn't take many dives to find validation of the words on vehicle license plates back on land, dubbing Bonaire "Diver's Paradise."

With more than 350 species of fish on a reef that circles the 111-square-mile island, divers tend to focus on making the most of water visibility that can extend to about 100 feet in mostly calm waters.

The predominant recreational activity here often requires the silent communication of hand signals, and it's a quiet that's also often present on land. Bonaire lacks loud discos, and there's little demand for 2 a.m. last calls. The island offers some nightlife with waterside restaurants, a small casino with $5 minimum blackjack, and bars with acoustic guitar players. But the bright lights you'll see here at night will most likely be coming from underwater, as divers search for small nocturnal sea creatures near shore.

Still, beyond diving and snorkeling, this small sleepy island 50 miles north of Venezuela has plenty of other activities to enjoy while decompressing for the next dive, or even if you don't dive at all.

Full of fish and fowl

Bonaire, which is part of the Netherlands Antilles along with Aruba and Curacao, also offers big opportunities for sport fishing. Tuna, marlin and tarpon are among common targets, while fresh wahoo often is advertised on boards outside of restaurants. The island also is famous for its bonefish, a favorite gamefish known for testing anglers with its fight. The island holds several fishing tournaments throughout the year.

Steady winds cool the hot and sunny afternoons and create excellent windsurfing conditions.

Unique kayaking trips also are an option. Several dive lodges offer courses, including a full certification course for ocean kayaking. Kayakers can take a more relaxing trip through the island's mangrove forests.

Bird-watching is another island highlight, particularly for flamingos that breed here. While weather and migration patterns dictate their numbers, the pink stilt-legged birds can outnumber the human population of about 14,000. Lake Gotomeer in the northern part of the island is a flamingo sanctuary, and a road around one side of the lake allows a close look. But it's best to keep your distance or the birds tend to fly away.

Dive options abound

Despite the varied recreational options, let there be no mistake: This place caters to diving in ways few places ever have.

Bonaire is unique for its shore diving, because the reef begins a short distance from land, descending at about a 45-degree angle to about 130 feet. The island has more than 50 easily accessible shore diving sites, marked along roads with yellow-painted stones. Divers can even find drive-through tank service for compressed air refills.

Boats take divers to a small undeveloped sister island nearby called Klein Bonaire for even more dive sites. Guides can greatly enhance a dive, because they often know where small hard-to-find critters like sea horses can be spotted. They also have good eyes for interesting behavior, such as when fish swim up to the reef so that the tiny parasites they harbor can be eaten off by small shrimp at so-called "cleaning stations."

Many hotels along the water cater to divers. Captain Don's Habitat, founded in 1976 by Don Stewart, is a diver's Xanadu, offering diving excursions 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The Habitat provides just about anything a diver could need, short of gills. The resort also is known for using low-impact construction methods and a state-of-the-art wastewater treatment system.

Stewart, who helped start the diving industry on the island, still drops by for happy hour at the lodge bar to mingle with divers who have been coming for years and to dance with the ladies.

"Ninety percent of those people are my family, and I love posing with the girls," he said.

. If You Go

Visiting Bonaire

High season is Dec. 15

to April 14. Air service includes flights from Miami, New York, Houston and Amsterdam, though some flights are offered on a weekly basis or only during peak winter season. Information: www.tourism

Captain Don's Habitat, or toll-free 1-800-327-6709. Sample rates: $29 for shore diving (covers equipment), $50 for a boat dive, $15 for snorkel or boat ride, $47 for guided cave snorkel tour.

Bonaire diving rich with underwater treasures 12/12/09 [Last modified: Saturday, December 12, 2009 3:30am]
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