TODAY IN HISTORY
1707: the Kingdom of Great Britain was created as a treaty merging England and Scotland took effect.
1931: New York's 102-story Empire State Building was dedicated.
1941: The Orson Welles film Citizen Kane premiered in New York.
1960: The Soviet Union shot down an American U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers.
1964: The computer programming language BASIC (Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) was created by Dartmouth College professors John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz.
1971: The intercity passenger rail service Amtrak went into operation.
1992: On the third day of the Los Angeles riots, a visibly shaken Rodney King appeared in public to appeal for calm, pleading, "Can we all get along?"