1912: The greatest volcanic eruption of the 20th century took place as Novarupta in Alaska began a series of explosive episodes over a 60-hour period.
1944: Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy, France, on "D-Day," beginning the liberation of German-occupied western Europe during World War II.
1966: Black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.
1978: California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 13, a primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes.
1984: Indian forces stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to crush Sikh extremists; at least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed.