MUNICH, Germany — John Demjanjuk, a 91-year-old retired autoworker, was convicted Thursday of aiding the Nazis in the murder of at least 28,000 Jews at the Sobibor death camp during World War II. He was sentenced to five years in prison.
The Munich Regional Court found him guilty after almost 18 months of trial. The former U.S. citizen was deported to Germany in 2009 and accused of being a guard who herded Jews to gas chambers at the camp in German-occupied Poland in 1943.
Ralph Alt, the presiding judge, said the court is convinced Demjanjuk was captured as a Russian prisoner of war in 1942, trained as a guard at a camp in Trawniki, and transferred in 1943 to Sobibor.
Demjanjuk, a native of Ukraine, was stripped of U.S. citizenship and extradited to Israel in 1986. He was tried there on charges that as a guard he tortured Jews while herding them into gas chambers at the Treblinka concentration camp.
His conviction in that case were overturned in 1993 by Israel's Supreme Court, which said there was reasonable doubt he served at Treblinka. Demjanjuk returned to the United States, regaining his citizenship. In 2002, it was revoked again by a U.S. court over his alleged role at Sobibor.