Details of Obama, Senate immigration proposals
Path to citizenship
President Barack Obama endorsed a framework for immigration reform Tuesday that largely mirrored one unveiled a day earlier by a bipartisan group of senators. Here are the differences on one key issue — the path to citizenship.
• Create a path to citizenship for an estimated 11 million illegal immigrants already in the country, but not until increased border security measures are completed.
• Create a commission of lawmakers and border-state community leaders to make a recommendation about when security measures are completed.
• While security measures are under way, illegal immigrants can register, pass background checks and pay fines and back taxes to earn "probationary legal status."
• Once security measures are in place, immigrants on "probationary legal status" could apply for permanent residency behind other immigrants already in the system after they prove their employment history and learn English and civics.
• Create a path to citizenship for an estimated 11 million illegal immigrants, with "provisional legal status" and a green card as intermediary steps, regardless of whether border security measures are completed.
• Illegal immigrants can earn "provisional legal status" by registering, passing background checks and paying fees and penalties.
• Immigrants on "provisional legal status" could get in line for permanent residency behind other immigrants already in the system.
• Five years after receiving permanent residency, immigrants can apply for citizenship.