DETROIT — Auto sales slid 3 percent in January as bouts of snow, ice and frigid temperatures in much of the country kept buyers snug in their homes instead of venturing out to car dealers.
People bought just over 1 million vehicles last month in the United States, about 32,000 fewer than a year ago. It was the first year-over-year monthly sales drop since August of 2010, according to Ward's Automotive — but one that analysts said should be short-lived.
General Motors, Toyota and Ford — the top-selling companies in the United States — all reported falling sales due in large part to the weather, as did Volkswagen. But Chrysler, Honda, Nissan, Subaru and Hyundai dealers were happy. Sales ran counter to the thermometer and were up for all five brands.
The industry saw double-digit gains in the West, where the weather was good. But there were big declines in other regions hit by storms.
Dealers saw the impact firsthand.
"When you go three days when no one comes on the lot, it's a little tough to be up to average," said Timothy "Bruce" Detweiler, dealer principal of a Buick-GMC dealer in Masontown, Pa., about 50 miles south of Pittsburgh. Temperatures there were near or below zero for several straight days.
GM said its sales dropped 12 percent compared with the same month a year earlier, while Ford dropped 7.5 percent and Toyota declined 7 percent. Volkswagen slumped 19 percent. But Chrysler's sales advanced 8 percent, while Nissan's rose nearly 12 percent. Subaru saw a 19 percent increase, Honda went up 2 percent and Hyundai was up 1 percent.
With wave after wave of storms hitting much of the country, consumers weren't in the mood to go car shopping, said Jeff Schuster, senior vice president of auto sales forecasting for LMC Automotive, a consulting firm. "Right now we're looking at this as an anomaly and a temporary setback because of external factors," Schuster said. He said it could take a couple of months to recover the lost sales because of predictions for more harsh weather in February.
Sales for the month ran at an annual rate of 15.24 million, about flat with last year, according to Autodata Corp.
Still, Schuster is sticking with his forecast of sales rising to 16.2 million for the full year. He says the fundamentals remain in place for a return to pre-recession levels, including low interest rates, wide loan availability, aging cars and trucks on the roads and attractive new products from many automakers. Last year's sales hit 15.6 million, more than 4 million above the 2009 trough of 10.4 million.