CAPE CANAVERAL — A private California company will attempt the first commercial cargo run to the International Space Station in February.
NASA announced the news Friday, one year and one day after Space Exploration Technologies Corp., or SpaceX, became the first private business to launch a capsule into orbit and return it safely to Earth.
On Feb. 7, SpaceX will attempt another orbital flight from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. This time, the unmanned Dragon capsule will fly to the space station and dock with a load of supplies.
NASA stressed it is a target date.
"Pending all the final safety reviews and testing, SpaceX will send its Dragon spacecraft to rendezvous with the International Space Station in less than two months," said NASA Deputy Administrator Lori Garver. "So it is the opening of that new commercial cargo delivery era."
NASA has turned to industry to help stock the space station now that the space shuttles are retired, investing hundreds of millions of dollars in this startup effort. The station currently is supplied by Russian, European and Japanese vessels.
If the rendezvous with the space station fails, SpaceX will try again. That was the original plan, to wait until the third mission to actually hook up with the station and deliver supplies. SpaceX wanted to hurry it up.
None of the supplies onboard the Dragon will be one of a kind or crucial, in case of failure.
SpaceX — run by PayPal co-founder Elon Musk — is one of several companies vying for space station visiting privileges. It hopes to step up to astronaut ferry trips in perhaps three more years. In the meantime, Americans will be forced to continue buying seats on Russian Soyuz spacecraft.
"Every decision that we make at SpaceX is focused on … taking crew to space," SpaceX president Gwynne Shotwell said Friday at a forum in Seattle about NASA's future. She said the company is "thrilled" by the prospect of delivering cargo to the space station early next year, and noted that the company is aiming for 2014 with astronauts.
Congress has appropriated $406 million for the commercial crew effort for 2012, considerably less than NASA's requested $850 million.
"It is nevertheless a significant step," Garver said at the forum, televised by NASA. She said NASA is evaluating whether it can speed up when U.S. companies "deliver our precious astronauts to and from the space station."