WASHINGTON — Thanks to congressional inaction, NASA must continue to fund its defunct Ares I rocket program until March — a requirement that will cost the agency about $475 million at a time when NASA is struggling with the expensive task of replacing the space shuttle.
About one-third of that money — $165 million — will go to Alliant Techsystems, or ATK, which has a $2 billion contract to build the solid-rocket first stage for the Ares I, the rocket that was supposed to fill the shuttle's role of transporting astronauts to the International Space Station.
But under a new NASA plan signed into law by President Barack Obama in October, there's no guarantee that the new rocket required by that plan will use solid-fuel propulsion. And, in fact, many in the agency say a liquid-fueled rocket would be cheaper, more powerful — and safer.
The money to ATK is part of the $1.2 billion NASA will spend on its canceled Constellation moon program from Oct. 1 through March. Most of the rest will go to Lockheed Martin, which is building the Orion capsule intended to take astronauts into space aboard whatever rocket NASA selects. That program was largely spared by the new NASA plan.
Money is being spent on the canceled rocket program because of several twists in the legislative process that started a year ago and came to a head this month.
At the root of the problem is a 70-word sentence inserted into the 2010 budget — by a lawmaker seeking to protect Ares I jobs in his state — that barred NASA from shutting down the program until Congress passed a new budget a year later.
The new budget should have been approved before the Oct. 1 start of the federal fiscal year. But Congress never passed a 2011 budget and instead voted this month to extend the 2010 budget until March — so NASA must abide by the 2010 language.
That means NASA and its contractors are required to keep building Ares I, even though Obama effectively killed it when he signed the new NASA plan that canceled the Constellation moon program begun under President George W. Bush.
"It would be nice if Congress did its work," said John Logsdon, space expert at George Washington University. "I would not be surprised if there was a combination of frustration and anger (at NASA)."
According to NASA, the agency has been spending an average of $95 million a month on Ares I. At that rate, it will spend about $475 million from Oct. 1 to March 4 — the period covered by the current budget extension.
The language that keeps Constellation going was inserted into the 2010 budget last year by Sen. Richard Shelby, R-Ala., who sought to protect the program and Ares jobs at Marshall Space Flight Center in his state.