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Obama defends diplomacy

WEST POINT, N.Y. — Seeking to redefine America's foreign policy for a post-war era, President Barack Obama on Wednesday declared that the United States remains the only nation with the capacity to lead on the world stage but argued it would be a mistake to channel that power into unrestrained military adventures.

Obama's approach, outlined in a commencement address at the U.S. Military Academy, underscored his efforts to straddle the line between global isolation and intervention. Neither view, he said, "fully speaks to the demands of this moment."

"It is absolutely true that in the 21st century, American isolation is not an option," Obama said in remarks to more than 1,000 of the military's newest officers. "But to say that we have an interest in pursuing peace and freedom beyond our borders is not to say that every problem has a military solution."

Obama has often struggled to articulate not only what should fill the space between intervention and isolation but also any success the administration has had in finding that middle ground. His preferred tool kit, which includes economic sanctions, diplomatic negotiations and international coalition building, is often more ambiguous than more easily explained military action.

The president's strategy also has garnered mixed results. While diplomacy and sanctions have brought the United States and Iran closer to a nuclear accord than ever before, neither approach has stopped the bloodshed of Syria's four-year civil war or prevented Russia from annexing territory from Ukraine.

The result at home has been a drumbeat of criticism from Republicans and others who say the president has squandered America's global leadership and emboldened international foes in Syria and Russia, as well as China. The public's approval of the president's foreign policy has declined, even as his policies hew closely with Americans' stated opposition to more military conflicts.

Obama's speech on Wednesday was part of a White House effort to answer critics and more clearly define his foreign policy philosophy. He outlined plans to seek approval from Congress for $5 billion that could be used to help countries fighting terrorism, foreshadowed a more robust U.S. military program to train and equip vetted Syrian rebels and declared that seeking international consensus through the United Nations or NATO is an example of American leadership, not weakness.

The president defended his belief that unilateral American military action should be reserved for instances where core national interests are challenged or the public's safety is in jeopardy.

He told the graduating cadets: "I would betray my duty to you, and to the country we love, if I sent you into harm's way simply because I saw a problem somewhere in the world that needed fixing, or because I was worried about critics who think military intervention is the only way for America to avoid looking weak."

Obama's speech came one day after he unveiled plans for ending the Afghan War by 2016, bringing to a close a conflict that started in the weeks after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks. He was cheered by his commencement audience when he noted that the cadets had the distinction of being "the first class to graduate since 9/11 who may not be sent into combat in Iraq or Afghanistan."

President Barack Obama arrives to deliver the commencement address Wednesday to the U.S. Military Academy’s class of 2014.

Associated Press

President Barack Obama arrives to deliver the commencement address Wednesday to the U.S. Military Academy’s class of 2014.

Highlights of Obama's foreign policy speech

Terrorism

Obama said terrorism remains America's greatest threat, but he also described a shift to more decentralized networks than the core al-Qaida that carried out the 9/11 attack. He argued it's not feasible to invade every country that harbors terrorists and said that instead America's strategy should shift to partnering with countries where those networks seek a foothold.

Military force

The president rejected the argument that his foreign policy has been too cautious, while also rejecting those who say the United States should not get involved in foreign disputes that don't directly affect Americans. He argued the United States should promote freedom as a "moral imperative" and a way to keep the world safe. But he also said military force should not be the primary way to pursue peace and freedom abroad.

Nigeria

Obama said no American security operation can eradicate the threat from an extremist group like Nigeria's Boko Haram, responsible for kidnapping hundreds of schoolgirls.

Drones

Obama said counterterrorism partnerships will not eliminate the need for drone strikes against terror suspects.

Egypt

Obama defended his decision not to cut off relations with Egypt after violent clashes in the streets between police and protesters. He acknowledged that the relationship is anchored in U.S. security interests in the region and said the United States will continue to press Egypt's leaders for reforms.

Syria

Obama stood by his decision not to send Americans troops into Syria and argued there is no military solution that can eliminate suffering there.

International cooperation

Obama rejected skeptics who argue that working through organizations like the U.N. is a sign of weakness. He pointed to isolation of Russia over its action in Ukraine and negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program as examples of effective international cooperation. He said international efforts are more likely to be effective and durable and keep the world on the side of the United States.

Obama defends diplomacy 05/28/14 [Last modified: Wednesday, May 28, 2014 10:12pm]

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