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Raul Castro replaces Fidel, but little changes amid Cuban 'reforms'

Fidel Castro, left, raises the hand of his brother Raul, Cuba’s new first secretary of the Communist Party, on Tuesday at the Communist Party Congress in Havana. 

Associated Press

Fidel Castro, left, raises the hand of his brother Raul, Cuba’s new first secretary of the Communist Party, on Tuesday at the Communist Party Congress in Havana. 

MIAMI — An almost ghostlike Fidel Castro attended the closing of a Communist Party conclave Tuesday that marked the formal end of his era and endorsed key economic reforms — but dashed hopes for a younger leadership amid a sea of white hair.

The 84-year-old Castro smiled, clapped and nodded but remained silent as his brother Raul replaced him as the party's first secretary and warned that while the reforms are critically needed, they will bring hardships.

While the party's first congress in 14 years renovated about half the membership of its ruling Politburo and the broader Central Committee, there was no sign of the generational change in leadership that many Cubans had hoped for.

Replacing the 79-year-old Raul as second secretary was Jose Ramon Machado Ventura, 80 and a longtime party functionary. Named as the party's No. 3 was Ramiro Valdes, a reputed hard-liner who is 79.

The new leadership appeared no more likely than the old one to successfully manage tough reforms needed to resuscitate a stagnant economy.

But Raul's promotion clearly represented the official end of the Fidel era. The leader of the 1959 revolution surrendered the presidency of the government in 2008 because of ill health, and after Tuesday holds only honorary titles such as comandante.

Tears streamed down the cheeks of delegates to the VI Communist Party Congress in Havana as Fidel entered the Havana hall and acknowledged the long applause from a party that he led since its foundation in 1965.

Popular blogger Yoani Sanchez took to Twitter as the new leadership was being announced, noting that Machado Ventura's election "is evidence of the absence of a young relief generation, the failure of the succession."

The Politburo was cut from 24 to 15 members — average age 68 — including 12 incumbents. The new members include two men in their early 50s who play key roles in the reforms: former Economic Minister Mariano Murillo, promoted last month as the party's economic "czar," and his replacement in the government, Adel Izquierdo Rodriguez. The other new member is Mercedes Lopez, 45, party chief in Havana province.

U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Miami, said she was not impressed. "The current tyrant Raul Castro … takes over as chief of the Communist Party from the prior tyrant Fidel Castro and they announce this as 'changes.' Whom are they kidding?"

The congress did not immediately reveal the final wording of the 311 "guidelines" for the economic reforms.

Raul Castro replaces Fidel, but little changes amid Cuban 'reforms' 04/19/11 [Last modified: Tuesday, April 19, 2011 11:23pm]

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