WASHINGTON — Top Democrats have joined several Republicans in challenging President Barack Obama's policy toward Israel, further exposing rifts that the White House and its allies will seek to mend before next year's election.
The differences, on display as senior lawmakers addressed a pro-Israel group late Monday and Tuesday, stem from Obama's calls in recent days for any peace deal between Israel and Palestinians to be based on boundaries that existed before the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, combined with "mutually agreed swaps" of territory.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada, House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer of Maryland and other Democrats appeared to reject the president's reference to the 1967 lines in his latest attempt to nudge along peace talks, thinking that he was giving away too much, too soon.
White House officials say Obama's assertion did not reflect a shift in U.S. policy. But the president's comments touched a nerve among pro-Israel activists, drew a rare Oval Office rebuke from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and became a litmus test in domestic American politics.
Now Obama — whom critics often accuse of employing a play-it-safe governing style in which he waits for others to take the lead — is largely isolated politically in raising the issue of boundaries.
By this week, White House aides were reaching out to Israel supporters in the Jewish community to try to ease concerns, according to people familiar with the effort. The White House has arranged a conference call with Jewish leaders and contacted others directly for advice on repairing relations.
The uproar, coming as Netanyahu received a bipartisan hero's welcome Tuesday on Capitol Hill for a speech to Congress, underscored the calculations being made by leaders in both parties.
Democrats and Obama must balance the need to pursue international diplomacy while retaining the party's traditional support among Jewish campaign donors and voters, particularly in competitive states such as Florida, Ohio and Pennsylvania. The party's liberal base, however, is divided, with many on the left urging more concessions by Israel.
Republicans increasingly consider Israel a core issue that can unify sometimes disparate party factions, with evangelical voters and foreign policy hawks alike emerging as some of the Jewish state's most vocal U.S. backers.