GENEVA — A U.N. expert panel said in a report Friday that forces loyal to late Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi and opposition fighters both committed war crimes during the conflict in the Arab country last year.
The U.N.-appointed Commission of Inquiry on Libya concluded that "international crimes, specifically crimes against humanity and war crimes, were committed by Gadhafi forces."
"Acts of murder, enforced disappearance, and torture were perpetrated within the context of a widespread or systematic attack against a civilian population," it said.
Anti-Gadhafi forces also committed serious violations, "including war crimes and breaches of international human rights law," according to the report. Human rights abuses by former rebels are continuing, particularly against those perceived to have sided with Gadhafi, it said.
The panel also examined claims that NATO's air campaign resulted in the deaths of civilians, and the circumstances surrounding the deaths of Gadhafi and his son Mutassim.
The panel said it was unable to reach a conclusion on either of those issues, citing a lack of evidence. The experts urged further investigation.