Make us your home page

Today’s top headlines delivered to you daily.

(View our Privacy Policy)

Build memory skills and stay sharp with exercise

Are you fearful your cognitive powers are spiraling out of control as a result of the aging process? While it is true cognitive decline begins a slow, gradual descent around age 45, this decline is not always an inevitable result of the aging process. And having fleeting but frustrating moments when you cannot remember where your glasses are or recall the name of someone you haven't seen for a while does not mean you are destined for serious memory issues.

Major memory loss is generally caused by organic disorders, brain injuries or neurological issues. Good news for senior moments. Fortunately, when it comes to increasing learning and memory skills, research confirms there are many ways we can sharpen our minds and actually improve memory as we age.

Tips for improving memory

Use it or lose it

It is believed exercises that stimulate the brain such as reading, traveling, card games, memory games, musical instruments . . . even changing your daily routine around help stimulate the hippocampus, the part of the brain most responsible for memory.

It is also a good idea to challenge the brain by introducing new activities that you have never done before.

For me personally, my latest mental stimulation is taking piano lessons, something I had never done — and I love it!

Get movin'

Regardless of what part of the body you want to strengthen, you need to follow the "use it or lose it" principle.

When you begin to exercise, muscles will use oxygen at a significantly higher rate, increasing blood flow throughout the body, including the memory-brain area.

Just as exercise helps to keep arteries to the heart open, exercise will do the same for blood vessels in the brain. Even exercising in small doses can help sharpen your memory, but it is important for memory enhancement that the exercising be consistent.

Some studies indicate regular exercise workouts can even reverse aging in the brain.

Friendships and fun

Maintaining a strong support system by interacting with friends, whether by phone or in person, can stimulate the brain.

In a recent study from the Harvard School of Public Health, researchers found people with the most active social lives had the slowest rate of memory decline. And if friends aren't readily available, don't forget the friendship and love of a pet. They both come with cognitive benefits.

Adequate sleep

While occasional bouts of insomnia are generally nothing to be concerned about, chronic sleep deprivation can negatively affect memory recall.

If you have trouble sleeping, you might want to try listening to a progressive muscle relaxation tape. has a variety of tapes available.


Chronic stress (activating the stress hormone cortisol) is a major contributor to memory loss. Because we cannot totally void our lives of stress, it would be better to think in terms of stress management rather than stress elimination.

Introducing relaxation techniques such as relaxation breathing into your daily living can help to defuse the biochemical and physiological reaction to the pending stress: Inhale deeply through your nose to a count of four, hold your breath for several seconds, then exhale through the mouth, taking twice as long (eight seconds).

Don't forget to laugh — a great stress reliever! And learn to say no before taking on added responsibilities when your plate is already full.


Drink before you are thirsty.

Even a slight amount of dehydration can reduce mental energy resulting in memory impairment. It is recommended you drink 48 to 64 ounces — or six to eight 8-ounce glasses — of water daily.

Brain-boosting foods

Fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids are salmon, trout, tuna, halibut, sardines, mackerel and herring. Nonfish sources include walnuts, pumpkin seeds and soybeans.

Brightly colored fruits and veggies provide antioxidants, which play a major role in improving memory function.

Foods rich in folic acid are spinach, kale, collards, asparagus, black beans and romaine lettuce.

The Alzheimer's Society recommends eggs to improve memory. They have vitamins important for nourishing the memory center in your brain.

If you are 50 or older and have not been exercising, check with your physician before beginning any exercise program. Trainer Sally Anderson is happy to hear from readers but cannot respond to individual queries. She can be reached at

Brain facts

Here are a few interesting facts from 100 Fascinating Facts You Never Knew About the Human Brain (

• The average brain weighs approximately 3 pounds and has about 100 billion neurons.

• We are continually developing new neurons throughout our lives if we stimulate our brain though mental activity.

• The brain is 75 percent water and uses about 20 percent of our oxygen when we are at rest.

• The human brain is the fattest organ in the body and may consist of at least 60 percent fat.

• The brain stops growing at age 18.

• The average number of thoughts that humans are believed to experience each day is 70,000.

Hip rotator stretch

Stretches outer muscles of hips and thighs. Lying on a mat, bend knees, feet flat on floor. Keeping knees together and shoulders on floor, slowly lower knees to one side, as far as you can without forcing them; turn head in opposite direction. Hold position for 10 15 seconds.

Hip and lower back stretch

On hands and knees, abdominals contracted to support back, extend one leg diagonally to the back.

Standing side stretch

Standing tall, left ankle crossed over right ankle, hold onto a support with left hand. Inhale as you lean away from support, exhaling as you take opposite arm over to center of head.

The Saw (Pilates)

Stretches sides of back, hips and hamstrings. Sitting tall, extend legs, toes flexed, about shoulder-width apart, arms stretched out to the sides, shoulder-height. Contract abdominals, exhaling while turning torso and head to the right, reaching left hand to ankles or toes, without lifting hips off floor, Extend other arm diagonally to the side, shoulder-height.

Build memory skills and stay sharp with exercise 08/22/12 [Last modified: Wednesday, August 22, 2012 4:57pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times


Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

  1. Support for gay marriage surges, even among groups once wary


    NEW YORK — In the two years since same-sex marriage was legalized nationwide, support for it has surged even among groups that recently were broadly opposed, according to a new national survey.

    People gather in Washington's Lafayette Park to see the White House lit up in rainbow colors on June 26, 2015, the day the Supreme Court ruled that same-sex marriage legal. In the two years since same-sex marriage was legalized nationwide, support for it has surged even among groups that recently were broadly opposed, according to a new national survey released on Monday, June 26, 2017. [Associated Press]
  2. June 26 marks the 20th anniversary of the Harry Potter series.
  3. Air bag recalls, lawsuits lead Takata to file for bankruptcy


    Shattered by recall costs and lawsuits, Japanese air bag maker Takata Corp. filed Monday for bankruptcy protection in Tokyo and the U.S., saying it was the only way it could keep on supplying replacements for faulty air bag inflators linked to the deaths of at least 16 people.

    Japanese air bag maker Takata Corp. CEO Shigehisa Takada bows during a press conference in Tokyo on Monday. Takata has filed for bankruptcy protection in Tokyo and the U.S., overwhelmed by lawsuits and recall costs related to its production of defective air bag inflators.
[(AP Photo/Shizuo Kambayashi]
  4. Philando Castile family reaches $3 million settlement in death


    MINNEAPOLIS — The mother of Philando Castile, a black motorist killed by a Minnesota police officer last year, has reached a nearly $3 million settlement in his death, according to an announcement Monday by her attorneys and the Minneapolis suburb that employed the officer.

    A handout dashboard camera image of Officer Jeronimo Yanez firing at Philando Castile during a traffic stop in Falcon Heights, Minn., July 6, 2016. [Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension via The New York Times]
  5. From the food editor: Almond-Crusted Chicken Tenders


    I decided my almond chicken obsession was becoming a bit much.

    Almond Crusted Chicken Tenders. Photo by Michelle Stark, Times food editor.