WASHINGTON — A federal judge said Friday that the government's lawsuit to block the proposed merger of American Airlines and US Airways will start Nov. 25, a timetable favored by the airlines.
The U.S. Justice Department had wanted the trial to start in March, saying it needed more time to prepare for the complex case. The airlines said that such a long delay would threaten their merger.
U.S. District Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly said in court that March was "too far off."
The companies were close to completing a merger to create the world's biggest airline, but the Justice Department and six states, including Florida, sued this month to block the deal. They said it would reduce competition and lead to higher prices for travelers. They said that the combined American-US Airways would be too dominant at Reagan National Airport outside Washington and on many routes around the country.
The two airlines argue that their merger would increase competition by creating another big competitor to United Airlines and Delta Air Lines, which grew through recent mergers. Richard Parker, an attorney representing US Airways Group, pointed at the hearing to the presence of other competitors including Southwest, which carries more passengers within the United States than any airline.
"We will be talking to these airlines," Parker said. A review of other airlines' documents and interviews of their executives will establish that competition in the industry is robust, he suggested.
But the Justice Department's lead attorney maintained that the proposed merger raised a number of competitive issues, including prices and the impact on some markets. The government will want to question airline executives about, for example, how fees are set for baggage and ticket changes, Justice Department lawyer Mark Ryan said. He said it's impossible to accept the airlines' assertion that a plan to eliminate some flights would make the combined new carrier more efficient and save consumers money without the government being able to see details of the plan.
Parker cited the government's previous approval of big-airline mergers such as Northwest with Delta and United with Continental. "By that standard, our merger passes muster by 10 miles," he insisted.
Ryan retorted, "What we did in past mergers is not a defense to this merger."
Justice Department lawyers have also pointed to recent record profits at both airlines — July's profit was a one-month high at American parent AMR Corp., which has been cutting costs under bankruptcy protection — to argue that the two don't need to merge to survive.
The airlines viewed the trial's timing as crucial. In a court filing this week, their lawyers expressed concern that a delay itself — not the merits of the government's case — could sink the merger. The antitrust lawsuit has left the airlines "in limbo," they said, and they could stay there "for only so long before they need to make independent plans." Both sides said in a filing that they were open to a settlement that would avoid a trial, although each made comments suggesting that they were not close to agreement.
If the merger is blocked, AMR will have to rewrite its plan for emerging from bankruptcy protection. The merger is a key part of that plan.