TALLAHASSEE — Justin and Ashleigh Leto were ready to buy their Florida dream home. The property was perfect, the price was acceptable, and the sellers were ready to hand over the keys to the first-time home buyers.
One problem: insurance.
The home, a four-bedroom in Coconut Grove, had been deemed risky by all licensed private insurers, leaving state-run Citizens Property Insurance as the only company willing to cover it. Due to recent changes at Citizens, the quote for the annual insurance premium was far higher than anything the Letos had budgeted for. The deal nearly fell through.
"If I didn't have friends who had warned me about the high cost of insurance, I would have been shell-shocked," said Justin Leto, who closed on the house in June but still worries about the $11,000 annual insurance premium. "For a lot of people, this is going to make it impossible to buy a home."
It's a scenario playing out across the state, as rising insurance premiums play an increasing role in the home sales market, according to real estate agents and home builders.
State leaders and Citizens executives say increased rates are necessary to enhance the private insurance market and prevent massive "hurricane taxes" if a major storm wiped out Citizens' cash surplus. Those hurricane taxes — levied on nearly all Floridians — would unleash untold harm on the economy, Citizens has warned in recent months.
But absent such a storm, housing professionals say Citizens' rate hikes are already hurting the real estate market, killing potential deals and spurring more foreclosures. The insurer's flurry of policy changes — including ending coverage for new homes under construction and for some older homes — comes at a time when Florida's housing market is showing modest signs of recovery from the steepest downturn in decades.
Danny Hertzberg, a Miami Beach real estate agent, said that in the last six months he has seen insurance costs emerge for the first time as a "big ticket item" with the potential to kill sales.
"It impacts the carrying costs. When you put that in addition to the property taxes, it can become unaffordable," he said.
Carlos Lacasa, Citizens' board chairman, said the insurer is "not tone-deaf" to the state's housing problems, but has to take into account a number of competing interests, including political ones.
"We're not a private company that can do whatever it pleases," he said in an interview. "We are bound by what the law requires and what each member of the executive branch wants from us."
Gov. Rick Scott has tasked the board with shrinking Citizens drastically, and swiftly.
Florida's housing market was one of the hardest hit during the mortgage crisis, and the state has some of the nation's highest property insurance costs. Florida also has a higher percentage of delinquent mortgages than any other state.
Many homeowners are feeling the pinch of rising insurance costs even as property values have slumped, wages are sinking and unemployment remains high.
Bill Andrews, who bought a modest two-bedroom home in Hollywood in 2010, said insurance rate hikes with Citizens are making it harder for him to afford to live there. The son of a loan officer, Andrews said he carefully weighed his financial position before taking out a conventional 30-year fixed mortgage for the $120,000 home. What he didn't consider, he said, was an impending campaign by Citizens to raise the cost of insurance by more than the annual 10 percent rate cap enacted in 2009.
"We could reach a point where it's not worth staying here anymore," said Andrews, a librarian who said he lives paycheck to paycheck. "We'll move up (the state) or out of the state entirely."
Costs are also increasing for those who are thinking of buying a new home, an additional challenge for the state's battered construction industry.
Earlier this year, Citizens abruptly ended its builders' risk insurance program, which provided coverage for new homes that were currently under construction.
Doug Buck, governmental affairs director for the Florida Home Builders Association, said his members have been able to find alternative coverage for new homes, but "it is more expensive."
Those higher costs get transferred to potential home buyers.
"I think we should all be very concerned that insurance costs are going to be a real impediment and hurtful to the housing market," Buck said.
This article includes comments from members of HeraldSource, part of the Public Insight Network. Toluse Olorunnipa can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org and on Twitter @ToluseO.