WASHINGTON — Lenders posted their biggest quarterly profit in almost three years even as the number of banks at risk of failure rose to 11 percent of insured institutions, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. said Tuesday.
Bank industry profits totaled $21.6 billion in the three-month period that ended June 30, an increase from $18 billion in the first quarter, the FDIC said in its quarterly report on industry performance.
"The economic recovery that began last year is beginning to be reflected in the rising earnings and improving credit quality," FDIC Chairwoman Sheila Bair said. "Given economic uncertainties, we believe all banks should continue to exercise caution and maintain strong reserves," she said.
But even as the largest banks show improvement in earnings and credit quality, the number of banks on the FDIC's "problem" bank list reached its highest level since 1992 amid slowing recovery, the agency said.
The confidential list had 829 banks with $403 billion in assets at the end of the second quarter, a 7 percent increase from the 775 included in the first quarter, the FDIC said.
"Earnings remain low by historical standards, and the numbers of unprofitable institutions, problem banks and failures remain high," Bair said.
Regulators are closing banks at the fastest pace since 1992, seizing 118 lenders so far this year after shutting 140 institutions in 2009 amid loan losses stemming from the credit crisis. Total assets held by troubled lenders fell from $431 billion in the first quarter, a reflection of the comparatively poor performance of smaller banks.
Overall lending fell 1.4 percent. Net loan and lease balances declined by $95.7 billion amid tighter lending standards and a decrease in consumer demand.
"The decrease in loans outstanding is not unexpected given the still-weak economy and the regulatory uncertainty that has been hovering over the industry," American Bankers Association chief economist James Chessen said. "Businesses are still reluctant to take on new debt without having hard evidence that consumers are willing to buy their products."
Banks' loan-loss provisions in the second quarter fell 40.5 percent from the year-earlier period to $40.3 billion, the FDIC said. The overall reduction, the first since 2006, was driven by cuts at the largest banks as more than 60 percent of lenders increased reserves.
The FDIC's deposit insurance fund, which fell into deficit as bank closings soared last year, dropped to -$15.2 billion balance in the second quarter from -$20.7 billion in the preceding three-month period. The deficit has been reduced in each of the past two quarters after reaching a peak of -$20.9 billion in the fourth quarter of 2009.
The agency last year required banks to prepay three years of deposit insurance premiums, raising $46 billion on Dec. 30. The agency also has the authority to tap a $500 billion credit line with the Treasury Department.