Make us your home page

Lessons from 1990s dot-com bust still ring true now for social media

LinkedIn's enormously successful initial public offering Thursday may well come to represent the "Netscape moment" of the social-networking era. That IPO, on Aug. 9, 1995, famously touched off the Internet boom.

The parallels so far are striking. Both companies repriced their shares several times in the days leading up to the offering, yet still saw the stock more than double on the first day. Both delivered nine-figure paydays to top executives and minted millionaires throughout the ranks. And both sharply raised expectations for the companies that would come next.

No doubt employees and investors at Facebook, Twitter and Zynga were licking their lips over their own financial prospects as they watched LinkedIn's valuation pass $8 billion, then $9 billion, then $10 billion.

But — killjoy alert — what's less often recalled than Net­scape's defining moment is what happened in the years that followed. Less than three years later, while the dot-com craze was still in full swing, shares had dropped from a peak of $171 to below $15.

This was before stock options had fully vested even for early employees, meaning they couldn't sell all their shares if they wanted to.

Here are some hard-learned lessons the current generation of techies might want to bear in mind.

Lesson 1: To make any actual money, employees have to exercise their stock options, meaning buy shares at the price their company set, and then sell them at the current market value. They owe taxes for the gains realized at both stages.

The worst mistake that Dave Shore, founder of Marin Financial Advisors, saw during the late 1990s was people holding off on liquidating shares because they wanted to avoid the capital gains tax that applies for the first 12 months. If the share value rapidly dropped during that period, people were left with a whopping tax bill for exercising options that they no longer had the stock wealth to cover.

Lesson 2: Things can change remarkably fast. In 2001, the San Francisco Chronicle wrote about an early Yahoo employee whose stake in the company soared to $25 million when the stock hit its 2000 peak. But he hung on to his shares through the disastrous year that followed, driving his net worth down to $500,000.

Lesson 3: Sudden wealth doesn't mean happiness. Psychologist Stephen Goldbart is co-director of the Money, Meaning and Choices Institute in Kentfield, Calif., which coined the term "sudden wealth syndrome" to describe a phenomenon encountered during the late 1990s.

It carries real-life consequences and manifests itself in two ways, Goldbart said. Some people go overboard, losing sight of practical spending limits, making bad investments and winding up in debt. Others carry a deep sense of guilt about their good fortune.

Lesson 4: Don't obsess about wealth, Goldbart also said. was one of the most spectacular dot-com flameouts, going from IPO to out of business in less than a year. The online retailer's former chief executive, Julie Wainwright, says workers should resist the temptation to obsessively check their stock and tally up their paper wealth. "Employees need to focus on building the company, not on what their net worth is," she said.

Lessons from 1990s dot-com bust still ring true now for social media 05/23/11 [Last modified: Monday, May 23, 2011 10:19pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times


Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

  1. Construction starts on USF medical school, the first piece of Tampa's Water Street project


    TAMPA — Dozens of workers in hard hats and boots were busy at work at the corner of South Meridian Avenue and Channelside Drive Wednesday morning, signaling the start of construction on the University of South Florida's new Morsani College of Medicine and Heart Institute.

    Construction is underway for the new Morsani College of Medicine and USF Health Heart Institute in downtown Tampa. This view is from atop Amalie Arena, where local officials gathered Wednesday to celebrate the first piece of what will be the new Water Street District. The USF building is expected to open in late 2019. [ALESSANDRA DA PRA  |   Times]
  2. Tampa Bay among top 25 metro areas with fastest growing economies

    Economic Development

    Tampa Bay had the 24th fastest growing economy among 382 metro areas in the country for 2016. According to an analysis by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Tampa Bay's gross domestic product, or GDP, increased 4.2 percent from 2015 to 2016 to hit $126.2 billion.

    Tampa Bay had the 24th fastest growing economy in the country for 2016. Rentals were one of the areas that contributed to Tampa Bay's GDP growth. Pictured is attorney David Eaton in front of his rental home. 
  3. Tampa Bay cools down to more moderate home price increases

    Real Estate

    The increase in home prices throughout much of the Tampa Bay area is definitely slowing from the torrid rate a year ago.

    This home close to Bayshore Boulevard in Tampa sold for $3.055 million in August, making it Hillsborough County's top sale of the month. [Courtesy of Bredt Cobitz]
  4. With successful jewelry line, Durant High alum Carley Ochs enjoys 'incredible ride'



    As a child Carley Ochs played dress up, draped in her grandmother's furs.

    Founder Carley Ochs poses for a portrait in her Ford Bronco at the Bourbon & Boweties warehouse in Brandon, Fla. on September 19, 2017. Ochs is a Durant High and Florida State University graduate.
  5. At Menorah Manor, planning paid off during Irma

    Nursing Homes

    ST. PETERSBURG — Doris Rosenblatt and her husband, Frank, have lived in Florida all of their lives, so they know about hurricanes.

    Raisa Collins, 9, far left, works on a craft project as Certified Nursing Assistant Shuntal Anthony holds Cassidy Merrill, 1, while pouring glue for Quanniyah Brownlee, 9, right, at Menorah Manor in St. Petersburg on Sept. 15. To help keep its patients safe during Hurricane Irma, Menorah Manor allowed employees to shelter their families and pets at the nursing home and also offered daycare through the week. The facility was able to accommodate and feed everyone who weathered the storm there. [LARA CERRI   |   Times]