Wednesday, November 22, 2017
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PolitiFact: Statement that Americans spend billions of hours on taxes is true

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The statement

Americans spend "6.1 billion hours a year" on tax preparation.

U.S. Rep. Virginia Foxx, R-N.C., April 15 on Twitter

The ruling

Tax day has come and gone again, and with it a startling claim about the amount of time Americans spend doing their taxes each year.

According to Foxx's office, the number comes from the Taxpayer Advocate Service's 2013 report to Congress, which tackled the issue of the complexity of the U.S. tax code.

"In 2012, the National Taxpayer Advocate has designated the complexity of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) as one of the most serious problems facing taxpayers," the report reads. "The existing code, by our count, has reached nearly 4 million words and imposes unconscionable burden on taxpayers. Our analysis of IRS data indicates that individuals and businesses spend about 6.1 billion hours a year complying with tax-filing requirements."

It's important to note that the report comes to the number by calculating the estimated combined time businesses and individuals spend filing taxes, not just that of private citizens.

The Taxpayer Advocate Service is an independent group within the Internal Revenue Service that is tasked with helping "taxpayers resolve problems with the IRS and recommend changes that will prevent the problems."

The number was calculated by multiplying the number of times each type of tax form was filed in 2010 by the amount of time the IRS estimates it takes to complete each form, according to Ken Drexler, a media relations officer at the Taxpayer Advocate Service. The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 requires federal agencies to estimate the amount of time it takes to fill out a given piece of paperwork.

"It's the best number you can come up with, but it's not necessarily a number you would take to the bank," Drexler said, noting it would take longer for someone unfamiliar with a form to complete it than someone who has done so many times before. Accountants and tax professionals, for example, could fill out the forms faster than an average filer.

In other words, the estimate might have flaws, but it is the best guess as to the time it takes for businesses and individuals to fill out tax paperwork.

In a 2011 report, the Laffer Center for Supply Side Economics further broke down the 6.1 billion-hour figure, finding that individuals spend 3.16 billion of those hours filling out tax forms, while businesses clock in at 2.94 billion hours.

So the number is an estimate, but it's from a credible, independent report.

We rate this statement True.

Edited for print. Read the full version at PolitiFact.com.

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