Make us your home page

Can developers breathe life into zombie subdivisions?

Around Tampa Bay, zombies show signs of life. They were new subdivisions, conceived by housing boom excess, that died before they were ever born. Vistas of flat land broken only by remnants of permit boxes and lonely streetlights mark their remains. Trash litters desolate, overgrown streets that lead to nowhere — except to memories of the go-go days. But now, builders see all this as ground zero for a bay area housing renaissance, and they are buying up lots by the thousands. They have yet to start much building. But they think they will soon.

"They're anticipating in 2013 that we'll get into a full-blown recovery," said Tony Polito, a housing consultant with Tampa's Metrostudy, a national company that tracks the construction industry.

For a region long accustomed to nothing but bad financial news, Polito knows the burst of lot-buying seems hard to comprehend.

"It seems odd to talk about replacing developed lots in the midst of the worst housing downturn since the Great Depression," he said.

"But we are at a point in the market where builders and developers are beginning to do exactly that."

Some housing and real estate experts believe the lots will be gone in 18 months.

"The pickings are slim," said Bill "The Dirt Dog" Eshenbaugh, owner of the Eshenbaugh Land Co. "There's a lot of demand for these. The builders are in a little bit of a sweat right now."

Lennar Homes has bought about 2,000 lots in the bay area in the past 24 months. The firm is building in more than 25 communities; home prices range from $90,000 to $400,000. The 2,000 lots will last Lennar about two years, based on closings on about 1,000 deals last year.

Mark Metheny, president of Lennar's Central Florida Division, said cleaning the developed land is cheaper than developing raw land, adding: "The price makes sense. They're fairly complete."

Lennar's busiest areas are New Tampa, southern Hillsborough and central Pasco. Although lenders tightened mortgage standards, Metheny is seeing an uptick in consumer confidence.

"We're getting a lot of demand," he said.

Triple Creek, a development in eastern Hillsborough County, is showing signs of life again.

The market tanked as roads and signs went up on the 1,000-acre Riverview site. Developers defaulted on a $37 million loan in 2008. A few homes, barely finished and then vandalized, sat on the development until the county ordered them demolished.

A Realtor blogged about the land in 2008, calling it a ghost town. She posted a slide show of photos — overgrown grass, toppled trees and broken windows — accompanied by Chopin's Funeral March.

MI Homes bought the property last year for $15 million and started clearing the land last month.

Still, lot sales have yet to translate into much building activity.

As of June 2011, 338 active subdivisions had not started a single home in the prior year in Hernando, Pasco, Pinellas and Hillsborough counties, according to an October Metrostudy report.

But the supply of new, unsold homes in those 338 subdivision had fallen from 664 homes in June 2007 to 122 units in June 2011.

"Cleaning up the standing inventory is a major factor in moving forward in a housing recovery," Polito's report said. "At the current pace, the standing inventory in these subdivisions should be cleaned out by mid 2013."

Builders started construction on 995 homes in the bay area in the fourth quarter of 2011, a 19.4 percent increase from the fourth quarter of 2010.

The vacant subdivisions farthest from the urban areas and those having high debt on community development district bonds will take longer to sell, experts say. Price and location are the drivers of sales.

To survive the Great Recession, many builders designed smaller, lower-priced houses to attract a bigger pool of buyers. Some builders shuttered their land divisions after the housing crash, but many have restarted the operations.

Taylor Morrison Homes builds homes from Pasco County to Naples, priced from $85,000 to $700,000. The firm has bought more than 1,500 lots in the past six months and plans to bring them to life through 2014.

The firm is seeing a decline in development opportunities on Florida's West Coast, said spokeswoman Katy Walker. She described the land buys as "very strategic, that can come to market quickly."

Large swaths of land aren't the only areas gaining interest.

St. Petersburg lacks large tracts of open land, but Walker said the firm is scouring the city for property after successfully selling its Sun Ketch Townhomes in the Old Northeast neighborhood.

The community opened in October 2011; only 10 of 42 units remain unsold, she said. Prices are above $200,000.

"People want to be close to downtown," Walker said. "It's close to everything."

At the end of 2011, Pinellas, Pasco and Hillsborough counties had 14,400 developed lots ready for building, down from 17,900 at the end of 2007.

Polito stressed that job growth and the proper pricing of unsold, new homes will be the driving forces behind more lot sales and home building.

"It's a good thing that we're working our way through these developed lots," he said.

Mark Puente can be reached at [email protected] or (727) 893-8459. Follow him on Twitter at

Can developers breathe life into zombie subdivisions? 01/27/12 [Last modified: Friday, January 27, 2012 10:10pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times


Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

  1. SeaWorld cuts 350 jobs across company, including in Orlando


    ORLANDO — SeaWorld, which has struggled with declining attendance, announced Wednesday it is cutting 350 positions.

    Kalia, a 12-year-old orca whale, during rehearsals for the upcoming Orca Encounter at SeaWorld San Diego, on May 18, 2017. [Howard Lipin | San Diego Union-Tribune/TNS]
  2. As Clearwater Marine Aquarium expands, it asks the city for help


    CLEARWATER — When Clearwater Marine Aquarium CEO David Yates saw an architect's initial design for the facility's massive expansion project, he told them to start all over.

    Clearwater Marine Aquarium Veterinarian Shelly Marquardt (left), Brian Eversole, Senior Sea Turtle and Aquatic Biologist (middle) and Devon Francke, Supervisor of Sea Turtle Rehab, are about to give a rescued juvenile green sea turtle, suffering from a lot of the Fibropapillomatosis tumors, fluids at the Clearwater Marine Aquarium Wednesday afternoon. Eventually when the turtle is healthy enough the tumors will be removed with a laser and after it is rehabilitated it will be released back into the wild.  -  The Clearwater Marine Aquarium is launching a $66 million renovation to expand its facilities to take in injured animals and space to host visitors. The aquarium is asking the city for a $5 million grant Thursday to help in the project. American attitudes toward captive animals are changing. Sea World is slipping after scrutiny on the ethics of captive marine life. But CEO David Yates says CMA is different, continuing its mission of rehab and release, it's goal is to promote education, not exploitation. JIM DAMASKE   |   Times

  3. One of the best places for investing in a rental house is in Tampa Bay

    Real Estate

    Two Tampa Bay ZIP Codes are drawing national attention.

    . If you're looking to invest in a house to rent out, few places are better than  ZIP Code 34607 in Hernando County's Spring Hill area, according to ATTOM Data Solutions.
 file photo]

  4. Tampa Chamber of Commerce announces small business winners


    TAMPA — The Greater Tampa Chamber of Commerce selected the winners of the 2017 Small Business of the Year Awards at a ceremony Wednesday night at the David A. Straz, Jr. Center for the Performing Arts. More than 600 attendees celebrated the accomplishments of Tampa Bay's small business community.

    Vincent Cassidy, president and CEO of Majesty Title Services, was named Outstanding Small Business Leader of the Year by the Greater Tampa Chamber of Commerce.

  5. International array of artists chosen as finalists for pier project

    Local Government

    ST. PETERSBURG — A diverse group of six artists will compete for a chance to install their work at the city's multimillion-dollar Pier District, expected to open in early 2019.