Testing a tool to fight foreclosure
WASHINGTON — If you're seriously under water and headed to foreclosure, what would you say if the lender suddenly offered you the chance to remain in your home as a tenant for an extended period plus have your mortgage debt wiped away? Would you say yes?
Or would you instead conclude: Hey, why pay rent? It's going to take the bank more than a year to complete the foreclosure and evict us, so why not just stay put and save some money?
One of the country's largest banks is about to find out which choice significant numbers of distressed owners make in response to a new foreclosure-avoidance plan it calls "mortgage-to-lease." Bank of America is sending proposals later this month to upwards of 1,000 customers in Arizona, New York and Nevada. If the reaction is positive, the program is likely to be expanded to other states, and could become a model for the biggest players in the mortgage market — Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Here's how it works: The homeowners in the initial pilot tests all have been previously offered a variety of possible alternatives to foreclosure — loan modifications, forbearance on payments, short sales and "deeds-in-lieu," where the borrower hands the property title back to the bank and moves out. But they either have not been able to qualify or have not responded to the bank's proposals. They're now essentially at the end of the line — there are no other standard lender remedies available to keep them out of foreclosure. In fact, most lenders are now speeding up the pace of foreclosures to get heavy loads of defaulted mortgages off their books.
In the mortgage-to-lease plan, borrowers are expected to deed back their homes to the bank and in exchange get multiyear lease terms at or slightly below the going market rent for their unit — provided they have monthly income to make the payments. There is no built-in guarantee that at the end of three years, they will have a shot at repurchasing their home.
Bank of America officials readily acknowledge that they are unsure how many homeowners will take them up on their offer. "This is an experiment — we just don't know," said Dave Steckel, the bank's home retention strategy executive. It's entirely possible, he concedes, that some owners will simply choose to proceed to foreclosure.
Though Bank of America has not discussed details of the plan with foreclosure-prevention and homeownership advocates, leaders of some groups had generally positive reactions to the core concept.
Where is this all headed and how fast? If pilot projects go well, and consumers are enthusiastic — both of which are uncertain — look for mortgage-to-lease to spread to other large lenders, and potentially become a new tool in the national foreclosure-avoidance effort.
Kenneth R. Harney can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.