Shrunken tax credit kills incentive to be more energy-efficient
WASHINGTON — The $858 billion federal tax bill signed into law by President Obama on Dec. 17 was a mixed bag for American homeowners, with elements of both the Grinch and Santa squeezed into the same bulging package.
The goodies for select groups were well-publicized — unemployment benefits extension, payroll tax cuts, continuation of the Bush income tax rates and favorable estate tax treatment for wealthy individuals, among others. The bill even pushed back the expiration date for the tax deductibility of mortgage insurance premiums for another year.
But other provisions in the bill could be bad news for homeowners interested in remodeling projects to conserve energy next year. The legislation slashed the popular tax credits for energy-efficient remodeling from the current 30 percent of an improvement's cost ($1,500 maximum per taxpayer) to just a 10 percent credit with a $500 maximum for expenditures on insulation materials, exterior windows and storm doors, skylights and metal and asphalt roofs that resist heat gain.
The bill clamped new dollar-specific limits on key improvements that previously had been eligible for 30 percent credits. These include a $150 tax credit limit on the costs of energy-efficient natural gas, propane and oil furnaces, and water heaters, plus a $300 credit limit on the costs of central air-conditioning systems, electric heat pump water heaters, biomass stoves for heating or water heating, electric heat pumps, and natural gas and propane water heaters.
The legislation limits allowable tax credits available for energy-efficient windows installed during 2011 to a total of just $200 — down from the previous $1,500. On top of this, it prohibits taxpayers who have taken total tax credits in past years exceeding $500 from claiming any additional credits on energy-conservation projects they undertake in the coming year.
The net effect of all this, say home-building and remodeling experts, will be to severely diminish consumers' interest in energy-efficient home improvements. Donna Shirey, chairwoman of the Remodelers Council of the National Association of Home Builders and president of a contracting firm in the Seattle area, said the gutting of energy-efficiency credits "is a big step backward. It's bad for the environment, bad for consumers, and of course bad for jobs in our industry. We're heading the wrong way here, sending absolutely the wrong message."
David Merrick, president of Merrick Design and Build in Kensington, Md., and government affairs chairman of the National Association of the Remodeling Industry, said the $1,500 credit, which is set to expire Dec. 31, has had the effect of "opening people's eyes to energy-conserving features they could incorporate" into home improvement projects that they might have previously ignored.
The credit, he said, has provided incentives for homeowners to ask about the long-term savings they could achieve by upgrading insulation, installing new high-efficiency windows and the like.
Now, with a $500 credit maximum, Merrick said, "I doubt that many people will see things that way. They'll just go back to remodeling their bathroom or kitchen," and be less willing to spend extra money on energy-saving improvements as part of the project.
Merrick added that from a contractor's point of view, "the $500 credit will be virtually worthless — not worth the paper it will take us to process" the documentation required by the government.
Barb Friedman, Merrick's vice chairman on the remodelers' committee and president of Oswego Design and Remodeling Inc. in Lake Oswego, Ore., noted in an interview that 70 percent of all housing units in the country are 30 years or older, and that most have significant energy inefficiencies caused by their age alone.
"The $1,500 credit was a step in the right direction" toward providing owners financial incentives to reduce some of these inefficiencies — for their own benefit and the environment as well — "but $500 is more like a drop in the bucket," she said.
The Alliance to Save Energy, a Washington, D.C.-based coalition of business, government, environmental and consumer groups that lobbied unsuccessfully for retention of the credits as they were, said the forthcoming cutbacks in the homeowner credit program will be a loss felt far beyond the remodeling industry.
Alliance president Kateri Callahan said, "We're sorely disappointed that Congress did not see fit to make the incentives more generous. That would have increased their use by consumers, to the benefit of our economy, energy security and environment."
Kenneth R. Harney can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.