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Retail sales rise in January

WASHINGTON — Americans rebounded from a weak holiday season and stepped up spending on retail goods in January. The latest government report on retail sales pointed to a slowly improving economy.

Retail sales rose at a seasonally adjusted 0.4 percent last month, the Commerce Department said Tuesday.

Consumers spent more on electronics, home and garden supplies, and sporting goods at department and general merchandise stores, and at restaurants and bars. They also paid higher prices for gas.

Spending on autos fell in January, the report showed, even though automakers had previously reported higher sales last month. That could mean that dealers offered more discounts to attract buyers.

The January retail sales figures were an improvement from December, which were downwardly revised to show a flat reading. And excluding autos, building materials and gasoline station sales, core retail spending jumped 0.7 percent.

The "retail sales data are better than they look, but they don't suggest that consumption growth is about to set the economic recovery alight," Paul Dales, an economist at Capital Economics, wrote in a note to clients.

Economists had expressed concerns that consumers might pull back on spending this year because their wages hadn't kept pace with inflation, and many consumers relied on savings to make up the difference.

The retail sales report shows consumers are managing to increase spending at the same pace they did late last year, despite only small gains in pay.

"The good news is that the strong January gain establishes that the consumer trend is not folding," said Pierre Ellis, an economist at Decision Economics.

Retail sales have risen about 21 percent since hitting a recession low. And they're nearly 6 percent above their prerecession high.

January sales might have been stronger if auto sales hadn't dropped 1.1 percent. That was a surprise after most dealers reported sales increases last month.

Sales at gasoline stations rose 1.4 percent last month, the most in 10 months. Gas prices have risen steadily in recent months. The average price for a gallon of gas was $3.51 on Tuesday, up 12 cents from a month earlier.

One encouraging sign: Consumers spent much more at general merchandise stores, a category that includes big chains such as Walmart and Target, and at department stores such as Macy's. Sales at those stores jumped 2 percent, after declining 0.7 percent in December.

And Americans are spending more at restaurants and bars, which reported a 0.6 percent increase in sales.

Sales at online and catalog retailers fell 1.1 percent, the most in almost two years. Shoppers likely pulled back after the holiday shopping season.

Stockpiles grow

Businesses restocked at a faster pace in December, a positive sign that they expect consumer demand to rise. The Commerce Department says business stockpiles grew 0.4 percent in December, after a 0.3 percent rise in the previous month. Sales rose 0.7 percent after a 0.4 percent gain in November. Companies are building up their stockpiles again after cutting them over the summer amid recession fears. Higher inventories require more production, which boosts economic growth. It also suggests companies expect more sales.

Retail sales rise in January 02/14/12 [Last modified: Tuesday, February 14, 2012 7:34pm]
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