Target says about 40 million credit and debit card accounts may be affected by a data breach that occurred just as the holiday shopping season shifted into high gear.
The retail chain said customers who made purchases by swiping their cards at terminals in its U.S. stores between Nov. 27 and Dec. 15 may have had their accounts exposed. The stolen data includes customer names, credit and debit card numbers, card expiration dates and the three-digit security codes located on the backs of cards.
The data breach did not affect online purchases, the company said.
The stolen information included Target store brand cards and major card brands such as Visa and MasterCard.
"Target's first priority is preserving the trust of our guests and we have moved swiftly to address this issue, so guests can shop with confidence. We regret any inconvenience this may cause," chairman, president and CEO Gregg Steinhafel said in a statement Thursday.
The Minneapolis company said it immediately told authorities and financial institutions once it became aware of the breach and that it is teaming with a third-party forensics firm to investigate and prevent future breaches. The company said it is putting all "appropriate resources" toward the issue.
Target Corp. advised customers to check their statements carefully. Those who see suspicious charges on the cards should report it to their credit card companies and call Target at 866-852-8680. Cases of identity theft can also be reported to law enforcement or the Federal Trade Commission.
Even if Target shoppers haven't noticed suspicious activity on their credit card accounts, a Target spokeswoman said, "We encourage everyone to be vigilant."
Several Tampa Bay shoppers said they were alarmed by the breach but not enough to stop going to the store.
"You're never totally safe,'' said Dennis Collins, 56, of St. Petersburg, outside the Target store at Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Street and 81st Avenue N. "I follow everything that I buy, and I'll notice if there's an issue and report it as a fraud."
Summer Sides, a 30-year-old Target shopper from Tampa, said the news was particularly disturbing because she had just been notified by Citibank about fraudulent activity on her card. She didn't know if it was related to Target.
"It's kind of scary, but I still like using my card,'' she said.
An employee at the Target store along Gandy Boulevard near Dale Mabry Highway in Tampa said the store had received a lot of phone calls about the breach but hadn't heard of anyone who had unauthorized charges at the store.
Anne Healy, 45, who was shopping at the St. Petersburg Target, chalked it up to "the age we live in.''
Target hasn't disclosed exactly how the data breach occurred but said that it has fixed the problem and that credit card holders can continue shopping at its stores.
The company has 1,797 U.S. stores and 124 in Canada.
"The fact this breach can happen with all of their security in place is really alarming," said Avivah Litan, a security analyst with Gartner Research.
Litan noted that companies like Target spend millions of dollars each year on credit card security measures. Given the company's heavy security, Litan said she believes the theft may have been an inside job.
Target's breach comes at the height of the holiday shopping season and threatens to scare away shoppers worried about the safety of their personal data. The November and December period accounts for 20 percent, on average, of total retail industry sales.
The incident is particularly troublesome for Target because it has used its branded credit and debit cards as a marketing tool to lure shoppers with a 5 percent discount.
The company said during its earnings call in November that as of October some 20 percent of store customers have the Target branded cards. This holiday season, Target added other incentives to use its cards. Two days before Thanksgiving, Target.com ran a special review sale with 25 exclusive offers, from electronics to housewares for those who used the branded card.
As a result of these incentives, households that activate a Target-branded card have increased their spending at the store by about 50 percent on average, the company said.
"This is how Target is getting more customers in the stores," said Brian Sozzi, CEO and chief equities strategist of Belus Capital Advisors. "It's telling people to use the card. It's been a big win. If they lose that trust, that person goes to Wal-Mart."
Greg Melich, an analyst at ISI International Strategy & Investment Group, wrote in a note published Thursday that Target's most important goal should be to maintain "customer trust and therefore longer-term loyalty."
Litan said she doubts the breach will have much of an effect on Target's sales.
"People care more about discounts than security," Litan said.
Times staff writers Claire Wiseman and Susan Thurston contributed to this report.