As the ranks of the nation's unemployed grow, more Americans are changing the way they behave at work and at home. • With deep waves of layoffs and experts predicting joblessness will continue for at least another six months, fear, uncertainty and anxiety are taking hold. Worried workers are afraid to take time off, some even sinking into depression. Others are canceling vacations, working longer, dressing better, getting more training and accepting all business travel requests.
"There's more fear about what might happen than what's actually happening," says Steve Zaffron, CEO of the Vanto Group, a consulting firm. "Workers who still have a job are worried about when the other shoe is going to drop."
On maternity leave, Miami labor lawyer Grace Mora can't help but feel concern. Layoffs have become an industry standard, with dozens of the nation's top law firms showing practitioners the door and a torpid job market, according to the National Law Journal.
Six weeks into her maternity leave at Hunton & Williams, Mora began getting work FedEx'd to her home. In August, she decided to limit her leave to 12 weeks and postpone four weeks' vacation.
"Certainly, all the layoffs reaffirm I have to get back," Mora says. "I don't feel like my job is in jeopardy, but you never know."
Most significant, the sense of job entitlement is evaporating as unemployment figures rise. Workers are afraid to say no to business travel, demanding assignments or adding the work of those who were laid off. Michael Goldberg, a shareholder at Akerman Senterfitt in Fort Lauderdale, says young associates at his firm are working harder and no longer asking for raises. "They have less options than before, so they are taking it more serious."
Small-business owners say fear is driving them harder, too.
Sharon Thompson feels increased pressure to be "accessible and available" for clients of her Miami personnel staffing firm.
"It's harder to find time for a personal life," she says. "I'm working harder than ever to make not even as much."