Wednesday, December 13, 2017
Business

More job openings in February bode well

WASHINGTON — Employers posted slightly more job openings in February, suggesting that modest hiring gains will continue in coming months.

The Labor Department said Tuesday that employers advertised 3.5 million job openings in February. That's up from a revised 3.48 million in January but still below the three-year high of 3.54 million in December.

The fact that job openings remained steady in February suggests that the disappointing March jobs report issued last week could be a temporary bump. It usually takes one to three months for employers to fill openings.

Employers added 120,000 jobs in March — half the average from the previous three months. Many economists downplayed the weak March figures, noting that a warmer winter may have led to some earlier hiring in January and February.

Tuesday's report "is another indication that the weather was the main factor last month and the underlying labor market is on reasonably firm ground," said Alan Levenson, chief economist at T. Rowe Price. "The payroll gain in April will be better than the one in March."

There is still heavy competition for each available opening. With 12.8 million people unemployed, there is an average of 3.7 people out of work for each open position. That's much better than the nearly 7-1 ratio that existed in July 2009, just after the recession ended. But it's worse than the 2-1 ratio that is more common in a healthy economy.

Tuesday's report, known as the Job Openings and Labor Turnover survey, or JOLTs, showed that more people quit their jobs and companies stepped up hiring in February.

More resignations are a good sign because most people quit in order to move to a new job. More people quitting suggests that workers are finding more opportunities in the job market.

Overall hiring also improved. The JOLTs report measures gross job gains, while the monthly jobs reports are net figures that are calculated after subtracting layoffs and quits.

Nearly 4.4 million people were hired in February, the most in nearly two years.

The slowdown in job gains in March raises questions about whether recent improvements in the job market will continue.

Economists attributed much of the slowdown to unseasonably warm weather in January and February. That caused construction companies and other employers to hire workers earlier in the year, pulling forward jobs that would have otherwise been created in March.

The monthly employment figures are also volatile, and economists cautioned that the job figures could rebound when April's report is issued in early May. Many noted that the economy added about 212,000 jobs per month in the January-March quarter.

That's a healthy pace that, if sustained, would slowly reduce the ranks of the unemployed and lower the unemployment rate.

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