Services firms in the United States grew at the fastest rate in more than eight years in July, the latest sign of an economy picking up speed in the second half of the year.
The Institute for Supply Management, a trade group of purchasing managers, said Tuesday that its service sector index jumped to 58.7, up from 56 in June. Any figure above 50 indicates expansion. July's reading is the highest since December 2005.
The service survey covers businesses that employ 90 percent of the workforce, including retail, construction, health care and financial services firms.
The strong reading suggests Americans are increasingly confident about the economy and willing to spend more. Sixteen industries tracked by the survey grew in July, led by construction, educational services and retail. Only utilities said that business slowed last month.
"We are encouraged by the widespread strengthening in demand evident in this survey," said Paul Dales, an economist at Capital Economics.
Americans are traveling more this summer, boosting the tourism industry, said Anthony Nieves, chairman of the ISM's survey committee. Construction firms are benefiting from growing demand for renovation and remodeling work, he added.
A measure of overall sales soared to its highest level in more than three years, the ISM said, and a gauge of new orders jumped to its highest reading in nearly eight years.
Faster growth in services should help accelerate growth and hiring. Manufacturing expanded at the fastest pace in nearly three years in July, and factories added 28,000 jobs that month, the most in eight months, driven mostly by healthy gains at auto plants.
Yet while Americans are willing to splurge on autos, furniture and other large goods, they have been more frugal when it comes to services such as dining out, financial services and health care. That may have held back hiring in July. Services companies added just 140,000 jobs last month, down from an average of 220,000 in the previous three months. But Tuesday's report, which showed that services firms are hiring at the fastest pace in six months, suggests that could turn around soon.