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College dream drives army of undocumented students

Dan Garces never thought about his immigration status until his sophomore year when he passed the driver's education exam. His friends headed straight to the DMV office. "That's when it started hitting me," he said. He told the boys he had to go home, the first of many lies he told to hide the truth: He was an illegal immigrant. He had been orphaned at 11 in Colombia and brought to Miami by relatives who were citizens and residents. But his tourist visa had expired years before. Secretly, he had always hoped that by the time he graduated, Congress would have reformed the immigration laws so he could become legal and afford college. That didn't happen.

Alone at night, he logged onto the Internet, searching for others who might understand his predicament. He found several, and eventually, thousands.

"It was a huge relief finding out I wasn't alone," Garces, 20, said. "We had our own little online community of Dreamers. That's what we called ourselves."

In the past two years, with the help of Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, YouTube and blogs, that little community grew into what the Dreamers call an online movement of undocumented youth that reaches tens of thousands of people across the country. Using the technological tools of their generation, they have changed the face of civic activism.

Their mission: passage of the Dream Act, a federal bill due to be reintroduced in the Senate next week that would legalize the status of young immigrants bound for college or the military. The bill's sponsor, Sen. Richard Durbin, D-Ill., was inspired to file the bill after meeting an undocumented student.

"In any traditional measure, they should be the least powerful people in America," said Josh Bernstein, immigration director with the Service Employees International Union.

"They are doing something so typically American — adapting technology in a new age to petition the government and telling their story."

• • •

In fall 2007, students' hopes were high that the Dream Act would pass in Congress with bipartisan support.

The Dreamers shared information about the bill through online bulletin boards. They raised awareness telling their stories — of kids who had excelled in school only to find their futures blocked for lack of a Social Security number.

The students built a database of supporters, many of them family and friends who were legal residents or citizens. They launched letter-writing and phone campaigns to senators. When the Dream Act died in the Senate that fall, the students were crushed.

"After that, we realized we had to be more organized," Garces said.

They branched out and started blogs — online diaries — about their lives as undocumented students. Then they went viral, launching profiles devoted to the Dream Act on the Facebook and MySpace social networks, where they could plan rallies and phone campaigns across the country.

Last summer, a handful of students in four states launched — an information clearing house where students could post blogs, YouTube videos and immigration articles. The site had petitions people could send to Congress, as well as links to immigrant youth groups, like Underground Undergrads of California.

"If you put a face onto someone, it's more difficult to demonize them as an illegal alien," said Prerna, the site's administrator, who goes by her first name because she's not a legal resident.

Prerna, 24, holds a master's degree in international relations from a California state school and plans to attend law school on private scholarships.

She launched to "give voice for the people who are voiceless," she said.

The Web site campaigned last year when, an online social action network, responded to President Barack Obama's call for civic action by holding a contest for the top 10 ideas for change. blitzed its list of contacts, which had grown to about 12,000 names. After more than 600,000 votes cast for more than 8,000 ideas, the Dream Act made the top 10 list presented to Obama's transition team.

The online movement is changing the face of community organizing, said Jose Luis Marantes, 25, with Students Working for Equal Rights in Orlando.

"I can click a button and it automatically signs my petition going to my congressman," he said. "It's a new generation of organizing."

The site also features updates on prominent cases, like the Gomez brothers, two Miami high school students who were detained 18 months ago after the government rejected their family's asylum petition. They were about to be deported to Colombia with their family when students mobilized.

More than 2,000 students and friends joined a Facebook group to spread the word. They wrote letters to Congress asking for help. The brothers were released. Lawmakers granted a rare temporary halt to their deportation process. Now Juan Gomez attends Georgetown University as an international student on a private scholarship. But unless the Dream Act passes or they're granted an extension, Juan and his brother could be deported before he graduates.

Jack Martin, an advocate for tighter immigrations laws, says the government needs to give priority to citizens and legal residents regarding jobs and access to college. He is the special projects director for the Federation of American Immigration Reform, or FAIR, which opposes the Dream Act.

The stories of illegal immigrant students might be appealing to the public, he said. But granting them legal status could eventually extend to their family members. He thinks the Dream Act also would encourage migrants to enter illegally.

"It sends the message abroad that the United States is not serious about enforcing its immigration laws," Martin said.

• • •

The movement's moment could arrive as early as Tuesday when Durbin reintroduces the bill with co-sponsor Sen. Richard Lugar, R-Ind.

Some local undocumented high school students, like Lizbeth Salmeron, don't follow the online activism done on their behalf. Salmeron, an 18-year-old high school senior near Plant City, is focused on graduation this spring. But she worries what she'll do in the fall.

She wants to attend college, major in culinary arts and open a restaurant. But unlike Dan Garces' family, which has pitched in to pay for a community college course in Fort Myers, Salmeron's family can't afford the out-of-state tuition illegal immigrants must pay. They don't qualify for student loans or public scholarships.

"Sometimes I want to give up," she said.

Like Garces before he found the online Dreamers, Salmeron doesn't discuss her status much. Her friends, all attending college in the fall, try not to talk about their plans in front of her. At get-togethers, her family is abuzz about Obama and his past support for the Dream Act and immigration reform. Salmeron doesn't want to get her hopes up.

As much as the Dreamers, she knows what's at stake. If the bill fails, she'll be back in the fields.

"If it doesn't pass," she said, "I'm going to do what my mom does and go work with her."

Saundra Amrhein can be reached at or (813) 661-2441


What is the Dream Act?

The Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (Dream Act) would give conditional resident status and eventually permanent resident status to illegal immigrants if they:

• Were brought here before age 16 and are now below age 30.

• Have lived in the United States continuously for five years.

• Graduated from a U.S. high school or obtained a GED.

• Have good moral character with no criminal record.

• Attend college or enlist in the military.

How many would benefit from act?

Each year, 65,000 undocumented students who graduate from U.S. high schools could benefit from the Dream Act, according to the Urban Institute, a nonpartisan research center based in Washington.

More than 1 million children and young adults would be eligible for conditional resident status under the Dream Act, according to a 2006 study by the Migration Policy Institute, a nonpartisan think tank.

College dream drives army of undocumented students 03/21/09 [Last modified: Saturday, March 21, 2009 10:07am]
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