WASHINGTON — The Food and Drug Administration said Thursday it is investigating a possible link between Merck's best-selling Singulair and suicide.
The FDA is reviewing a handful of reports involving mood changes, suicidal behavior and suicide in patients who have taken the popular allergy and asthma drug.
With sales of $4.3-billion last year, Singulair is used by millions of patients in the United States, according to Merck. First approved in 1998, it's part of a class of asthma and allergy drugs that includes AstraZeneca's Accolate and Critical Therapeutics's Zyflo.
Merck officials stressed that the FDA's inquiry is based on reports, not clinical studies — which are the standard tool for evaluating drug safety. The company said none of the 11,000 patients enrolled in 40 Singulair trials has committed suicide.
"We have no indication that anything about the mechanism of Singulair is consistent with these events," said George Philip, director of research and product development. "But because suicide is a life-threatening event we thought it was important to provide this information in the product label."
Merck recently added reports of suicide to Singulair's label, which already listed suicidal thinking and behavior as reported side effects.
"Patients should not stop taking Singulair before talking to their doctor," the FDA said in its statement, adding that doctors should monitor patients for suicidal behavior and mood changes.
The FDA said it has not established a "causal relationship" between Merck's drug and suicidal behavior. An agency spokeswoman said the review was prompted by three to four suicide reports it received before October.
It could take up to nine months before agency scientists can draw any conclusions, the FDA said in a posting to its Web site.
The agency recently began notifying the public earlier about possible safety issues. The policy change came after the FDA was criticized for acting too slowly on information about the risks of Merck's painkiller Vioxx and GlaxoSmithKline plc's diabetes pill Avandia.
Merck has updated the drug's labeling four times in the past year to include information on a range of reported side effects: tremors, anxiousness, depression and suicidal behavior.
In clinical trials of asthma patients, the most common side effects were headache, flu, abdominal pain and cough.
FDA said it is also reviewing reports of side effects with rival drugs, such as Accolate and Zyflo. Their labeling does not contain language about suicide.