By Sara Moulton
Spaghetti with clams — or spaghetti alle vongole to the Italians — is one of my favorite dishes: simple, flavorful and satisfying.
That's because it's hard to lose with clams, which generate their own wonderful sauce as they are cooked. Just steam them with a little liquid. When the shells part, the clam liqueur streams out, absolutely succulent and ready to glorify whatever it is added to.
I went in search of an alternative to white-flour spaghetti — something equally satisfying, but more nutritious. My first thought was whole-wheat pasta. My second was barley, which is even more healthful. A terrific source of fiber, barley is a well-known substitute for rice. I was pretty sure it'd be a fine stand-in for spaghetti, too, not least for its nutty flavor.
The only trouble with barley (and it's true of many of my favorite whole grains, including wheat berries and brown rice) is that it can take over 40 minutes to cook. Who has that kind of time on a weeknight?
Well, problem solved. I long ago dispensed with worrying about a precise ratio of liquid to grain. Instead, I cook the barley the way I cook pasta — in an abundance of boiling, lightly salted water. This is much less stressful than measuring, and quicker, too. Also, I cook much more than I need for one meal, then pack up the extra for future meals, wrap it well, and freeze it. The next time I want barley as the base for a dish, it's really fast to make.
The fresh fennel and cherry tomatoes here take this recipe in a Mediterranean direction. If you can't find, or just don't like, fresh fennel (with its slightly licorice aroma), you can just leave it out or replace it with some celery or leeks. Cherry tomatoes are my go-to fresh tomatoes when the summer tomato season has passed. Then again, if you don't like the cherry tomatoes at your supermarket, use canned tomatoes instead.
I have added one of my favorite garnishes: sauteed bread crumbs. Sounds mundane, but they are anything but. After you make this the first time, you might find yourself wildly topping every dish with sauteed bread crumbs.