Diana Nyad, the endurance athlete who, at age 64, swam from Cuba to Florida, has another big dream. It doesn't involve water, poisonous jellyfish or an exhausting 111-mile journey that took her 53 hours. Instead, it involves millions of feet, which Nyad wants to see stride across every state in America.
"Sitting has become the new smoking," she often says, quoting James A. Levine, a Mayo Clinic physician, whose now-popular phrase speaks to the way our culture's sedentary lifestyle is ruining our health.
More than 70 percent of adults are overweight or obese, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For both men and women, heart disease is the leading cause of death. Half of U.S. adults have diabetes or prediabetes, a 2015 JAMA study reported.
"We are sick of being fat, America," Nyad announced to TMZ Sports in 2014, a year after her swim, when asked what she was up to next. "We are sick of kids having diabetes. We're going to be walkers. Just like the Chinese do tai chi every morning, we're going to walk."
In 2016, Nyad and her best friend, Bonnie Stoll, a former professional racquetball player and the leader of Nyad's Cuba expedition, launched EverWalk, an initiative that aims to get Americans on their feet. Anybody can commit to walking at least three times a week by signing a pledge on EverWalk's website (everwalk.com), where Nyad and Stoll recently posted a training schedule and opened registration for their next big event: EverWalk New England, a seven-day, 150-mile trek from Boston to Portland, Maine, in September.
Unlike swimming, cycling or running, which require special equipment and can be hard on the body, walking is the perfect way to get fit and improve your well-being, Nyad, 67, says. It's a low-impact activity that almost anyone can do: young, old, fat, thin, rich or poor.
More than 3,000 people have taken the EverWalk pledge so far. Eventually Nyad and Stoll envision tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, even a million people joining them virtually for regular walks, no matter where people live. They are working on a website they hope will become "the word in all things walking," where people can find walking partners, vacation walking routes, training tips and incentives.
"Most people will never swim from Cuba to Florida or run the New York City Marathon," Nyad says. "You have to work so hard and be so focused. But people can imagine walking from Chicago to St. Louis or Portland to Seattle."
The vision of an endurance event for the everyday American caught the attention of Chris Devona, 57, of Mount Prospect, Ill. Devona joined EverWalk's first challenge — a seven-day, 133-mile trek from Los Angeles to San Diego in October — despite his Stage 4 thyroid cancer. He walked with a brace because of knee replacement surgery, averaging about 3 miles every hour. Crossing the "achieve line" in San Diego was ultra-satisfying.
"To complete the whole route makes the average guy feel like he just won the Olympics," Devona says.
It may seem strange that a function as basic as walking can trigger an overwhelming feeling of accomplishment. After all, humans are built to walk long distances. But we just don't do it anymore.
According to the documentary The Walking Revolution, Americans stopped walking in the 1950s and 1960s when families began moving to the suburbs and the automobile became the favored mode of transportation. Add the television set. Computers. Social media. Alexa. Now we have a nation of sitters. What was once a normal part of daily living has become an effort Americans need to schedule.
By 2020, Nyad and Stoll intend to travel by foot across America.
Initially, their plan was to walk coast-to-coast with a million people, sort of like Forrest Gump. But after driving cross-country in an RV, they realized the trek works for one or two people but wouldn't work well for the masses. The long stretches of remote areas were "not conducive to lots of folks coming out to meet up with us," Nyad says.
So in recent months, Nyad and Stoll's vision has changed. They continue to hold on to their dream of walking across America in some way — maybe by visiting all 50 states.
For now, EverWalk is dedicated to supporting anyone who walks — whether strolling around the neighborhood after dinner, running errands on foot or taking out the dog.
"I don't care if you're walking with Avon or on the John Muir trail," Stoll says, referring to breast cancer walks sponsored by the cosmetics company and the California hiking route. "Just start with the pledge to walk three times a week. You don't have to be an athlete. It's free and it's for everyone. If you're in a chair, pledge to do the roll."
For some, walking has less to do with the physical and mental challenges and more to do with the spiritual element. Linda Fitts, 66, has walked the Camino del Santiago, a pilgrimage route in Spain, three times. As a physician who worked in internal medicine and hospice care, she was prompted to walk, in part, to recover from career burnout.
"I reached a point where I needed rest and reflection," she says.
Fitts, who lives in Southern California, also participated as an epic walker in the trek from Los Angeles to San Diego.
For her, moving along a walking path has a calming effect.
"I like to use the image of not only am I walking the road ahead of me, the road is walking through me. When I begin to feel that flow, it's a very cleansing and moving process for me," Fitts says.
The word "walk" means "way of life." And for many, it really is.
"I never regret having gone for a walk," says Laura Petersen, 49, a statistician at UCLA who made the L.A. to San Diego trek. "I can say to myself, 'I don't feel like it,' and drag myself out, and I'll never not feel a little bit better than when I left the house."