TALLAHASSEE — In a long-sought move, the University of Miami won a legislative victory Wednesday when Florida lawmakers agreed to extend state lawsuit protection to university doctors working in public hospitals.
The measure passed as part of a one-two-three punch the Republican-led Legislature threw at trial lawyers. Another bill makes it tougher to sue automobile manufacturers. A third measure slapped new regulations on expert witnesses in medical-malpractice cases.
Gov. Rick Scott, who described runaway lawsuits as one of the "axis of unemployment," is expected to sign the three bills into law. But his aides wouldn't commit, saying the governor is reviewing the bills. More lawsuit limitations could pass in the final two days of session.
The vote to give so-called sovereign immunity to UM has been years in the making.
The state protects government hospital employees, residents and interns — including those at Miami's Jackson Health System — from major medical malpractice judgments. But UM medical school doctors who teach at Jackson are not covered by the protected status.
For two decades, UM officials have pushed to receive the same state benefit, saying patients often sue the university instead of Jackson because of UM's deep pockets.
The university spends $40 million a year on malpractice cases, said Ron Book, one of UM's lobbyists in the Capitol. State protection, he added, could cut that expense in half.
"This good bill will even the playing field," said Rep. Jeanette Nuñez, R-Miami, speaking on the House floor for SB 1676, which was approved Tuesday in the Senate.
The measure was pushed in the House by then-Rep. Esteban "Steve" Bovo, R-Hialeah, and later by Rep. Frank Artiles, R-Miami.
The legislation also would affect other public and nonprofit hospitals that have teaching relationships with universities. That includes Tampa General, a nonprofit.
Trial lawyers repeatedly opposed the measure as it moved through committees, saying it condoned medical negligence and did not impose strong enough open records requirements on private universities that would now be protected by state government.
But with a Legislature keen on limiting lawsuits, the bill sailed through the Senate and easily made it through the House.
The House voted 94-21 to make expert witnesses be regulated by the state. Those who give deceptive testimony would face loss of their license and possible disciplinary action in future cases.
It also voted 80-35 to change the "crashworthiness" doctrine in automobile wrecks. Currently, a person who was involved in a traffic accident can sue an automaker for making a defective vehicle, but the law makes it difficult for the automotive company to present evidence showing that others were more at fault for the accident.
Bill sponsor Ed Hooper, R-Clearwater, said juries should hear all the facts.
But Rep. Rick Kriseman, D-St. Petersburg, said this was a bailout for Ford Motor Co., which manufactured bad Crown Victorias used by highway patrol troopers and other police.
Miami Herald staff writer John Dorschner contributed to this report. Patricia Mazzei can be reached at [email protected]