WASHINGTON — From counseling for kids who struggle with weight to cancer screenings for their parents, preventive health care soon will be available at no out-of-pocket cost under consumer rules the Obama administration unveiled Wednesday.
That means no copays, deductibles or coinsurance for people whose insurance plans are covered by the new requirements.
The Obama administration estimates that 41 million Americans will benefit initially, with the number projected to rise to 88 million by 2013. Many large company plans, which usually offer solid preventive benefits, will be exempt for the time being.
Better preventive coverage is one of the goals of the health care overhaul law, part of a shift to try to catch problems early.
"Services like these will go a long way in preventing chronic illnesses that consume over 75 percent of the health care spending in this country," first lady Michelle Obama said in announcing the new benefits at a Washington hospital.
Premiums will go up by 1.5 percent on average, as spending for the services is spread broadly across an entire pool of insured people. For individuals who are diligent about checkups, that can mean considerable out-of-pocket savings. For example, a 58-year-old woman at risk of heart disease could save at least $300 on recommended tests, from diabetes and cholesterol screening, to a mammogram and a flu shot.
Research has shown that people tend to skip recommended preventive care if cost is an issue. Cost-free prevention was one idea that got widespread support during the contentious health care debate last year in Congress.
The prevention requirements take effect for health plans renewing on or after Sept. 23, which means most beneficiaries will see them starting Jan. 1. Coincidentally, that's also when Medicare recipients get access to most preventive services at no out-of-pocket cost — another change under the health care law.
Under the requirements announced Wednesday, health insurance plans have to cover four sets of preventive services at no additional charge to members.
• Screenings strongly recommended with a grade of "A" or "B" by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, an independent advisory panel. Among them are breast and colon cancer tests, screening of pregnant women for vitamin deficiencies, tests for diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure, as well as counseling to help smokers quit.
• Routine vaccines from childhood immunizations to tetanus boosters for adults.
• Well-baby visits to a pediatrician, vision and hearing tests for kids, and counseling to help youngsters maintain a healthy weight. These and other services are recommended under guidelines developed by the government and the American Academy of Pediatrics.
• Women's health screenings, also to include tests called for under guidelines expected to be announced in 2011.
Large employer plans will not be affected by the new requirements if they are "grandfathered" under the health overhaul law. Lawmakers created that exception so the president could deliver on his promise that the law would not force wholesale changes in existing insurance plans. However, as employers make changes to their plans, many stand to lose the exemption, meaning they would eventually have to comply.