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Roll away muscle tension

Have a few tired, nagging, tight muscles from all the active holiday preparations but really don't want to take the time to get a massage? How about allotting 10 minutes out of your day for a self-massage?

When foam rollers hit the scene for the public, they instantly became a hot item to help stretch out those knots, improve muscular imbalances and increase range of motion. Foam rollers had previously been used by professional athletes and therapists. When using a foam roller, the movement and pressure applied to the muscle help to break up adhesions and alleviate muscle tightness. You can adjust the pressure to your comfort level.

Foam rollers are sold at most sporting goods stores and on amazon.com. They vary in size, shape and firmness; a 36-inch roller is long enough for your entire back, and a soft-foam roller will give you a more gentle massage than a hard-density roller.

If you're a beginner, consider watching videos online or consulting a certified personal trainer or physical therapist for proper form before you get rolling.

Tips on getting started

• It's best to perform roller exercises after your muscles are warmed up.

• Use the roller on a nonslippery, hard surface.

• Always engage your core.

• As you roll, take deep, slow breaths to help the muscles relax. Never hold your breath.

• Perform movements slowly, with control. Muscles do not have time to adapt if you roll too fast.

• Avoid rolling directly over bony joints, such as your knees. Placing pressure on them could cause hypertension of the joints beyond normal limits.

• Do not roll directly on your lower back. Instead, roll the muscles that connect to it, such as your hips. When hips are stiff, it will cause you to bend at your waist instead of from the hips, placing too much pressure on the lower back.

• It's okay to roll your upper back, as the spine is protected by the shoulder blades and muscles. Stop rolling when you reach the end of your rib cage.

• Avoid rolling directly over a painful, inflamed area. It is best to begin by rolling a few inches away from the overly sensitive area, eventually using large broad movements over the area.

• Roll just about 20 seconds on each tender area. Rolling too long could cause irritation to the area you are rolling.

• It's not unusual to experience a mild amount of discomfort, but you should never feel pain.

That little yellow ball

You have a choice. A tennis ball can work out the tight and sore muscles as well. When you find a particular spot that feels tight, apply pressure for five to 10 seconds, then move on to another area. Be sure you target soft muscle tissue, not the bones or joints. You can increase the intensity by simply using more of your body weight on the ball. It is a good idea to move and stretch the muscles after releasing the tension.

Check with your doctor before starting a new exercise program. Sally Anderson is happy to hear from readers but can't respond to individual inquiries. Contact her at slafit@tampabay.rr.com.

Snow angels: These are good for stress release and posture.

Lying on a foam roller, with your back supported from head to tailbone, bend your knees and place your feet flat on the floor and a comfortable distance apart.

Begin with your arms by your sides, palms facing up. Without lifting your shoulders off the roller, very slowly drag your hands along the floor to an overhead position, or until they lift off the floor. Hold for 10 to 15 seconds, then very slowly drag your hands back to the original position. Repeat three or four times.

Calf rollout: This relieves tension in the back of the calves.

Sitting on the floor, place the foam roller underneath your calves. Keeping your hands on the floor behind you, lift your buttocks off the floor.

Slowly roll forward and backward, moving the roller from your ankles (several inches above the Achilles heel) to just below your knees.

Achy feet massage: Sitting in a chair, with your hips level, place a tennis ball under the arch of your foot. Putting some pressure on the ball, roll your foot forward and back and from side to side, giving the entire surface of the foot a massage. Pause at any extra tight spots, adding a little more pressure to release the muscle tension. Performing the movement standing will create more tension on the bottom of the foot.

Roll away muscle tension 12/12/16 [Last modified: Monday, December 12, 2016 11:11am]
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