Thursday, June 21, 2018
News Roundup

Ask the Times: End of Linotype machines, birth of 'the cloud'

Type ran hot and cold

Do you have any information as to when the St. Petersburg Times discontinued using Linotype machines and movable type?

In 1984, the St. Petersburg Times (now the Tampa Bay Times) published a history of its first 100 years. The Times and its times was researched and written by Robert Hooker, a reporter and editor at the Times for 40 years before leaving in late 2011.

It's a comprehensive and authoritative look at the institution, so we will quote directly from it:

"Since 1910, the Times, like virtually every other American newspaper, had used line-casting machines to set type in bars of lead called 'hot type.' The type was later assembled and locked inside a metal frame to form a page. A curved metal impression was made of each page and then locked onto the press for printing. It was a cumbersome, noisy process and invariably produced messy pages vulnerable to typographical errors.

"At (late owner Nelson) Poynter's insistence, the Times began changing to cold type in the early 1950s, when it began setting some advertising copy by photocomposition. The copy for those ads was set by special machines, photographed and then prepared for printing in an engraving process. In the early 1970s, the Times spent $19 million to convert from the old 'letterpress' printing process to the cleaner, brighter 'offset' method. One June 24, 1974, E.C. Adair came back from retirement to cast the last metal plate for the paper's last letterpress issue. Soon, even typewriters were disappearing from the newsroom. Reporters and editors now work on computer terminals."

Explaining 'the cloud'

Cloud computing seems to be the new technology buzzword. In layman's terms, what exactly is that?

Cloud computing is used to describe "anything that involves delivering hosted services over the Internet," according to the Postsecondary Electronic Standards Council, a nonprofit group established in 1997 at the National Center for Higher Education in Washington. This can be as simple as Google Docs and Gmail, according to PCMag.com.

It allows programs and applications (or apps) to be synced and shared between devices such as laptops, smartphones or tablets.

Clouds can be public or private. The private clouds often are used by businesses, which can save money by storing data on the cloud rather than purchasing their own servers, according to businessinsider.com.

In 2010, The Economist called cloud computing "the first truly global utility."

Comments
Charles Krauthammer, Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist and intellectual provocateur, dies at 68

Charles Krauthammer, Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist and intellectual provocateur, dies at 68

Charles Krauthammer, a Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post columnist and intellectual provocateur who championed the muscular foreign policy of neoconservatism that helped lay the ideological groundwork for the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, died...
Updated: 23 minutes ago
Kevin Knox to Knicks makes NBA history locally

Kevin Knox to Knicks makes NBA history locally

More than a year ago, Kevin Knox II stepped across the stage at the Straz Center to receive his high school diploma.On Thursday, the former Tampa Catholic standout was on basketball's biggest stage as he fulfilled his lifelong goal of playing in the ...
Updated: 1 hour ago
Rays journal: Jake Bauers proves he’s up to speed on bases

Rays journal: Jake Bauers proves he’s up to speed on bases

ST. PETERSBURG – Rookie 1B Jake Bauers has impressed at the plate and in the field since his June 7 promotion.Also, with his hustling on the bases."I knew he played hard; everybody said that at every level,'' manager Kevin Cash said. "I di...
Updated: 2 hours ago
Jameis Winston suspension means Bucs will turn to Ryan Fitzpatrick at QB

Jameis Winston suspension means Bucs will turn to Ryan Fitzpatrick at QB

The news of Jameis Winston's suspension to start the upcoming season likely means that the Bucs will have veteran Ryan Fitzpatrick stepping in at quarterback for three crucial games.Fitzpatrick stepped in as a starter for three games last year when W...
Updated: 2 hours ago
Three-game suspension looms for Bucs QB Jameis Winston

Three-game suspension looms for Bucs QB Jameis Winston

TAMPA — The Bucs will open the upcoming season without the face of their franchise, as quarterback Jameis Winston will be suspended three games by the NFL for violating the league's personal conduct policy.Winston, 24, was accused of groping a ...
Updated: 2 hours ago
Plant City’s champion Al Berry, whose name shouted his passion, dead at 83

Plant City’s champion Al Berry, whose name shouted his passion, dead at 83

His name was Berry and berry was his passion — the strawberry that put his beloved Plant City on the map.Alfred "Al" Berry was born with the name, but he took on his role as chief promoter of Plant City through his four decades of work with the commu...
Updated: 2 hours ago
Suspect arrested in rapper XXXTentacion’s shooting death

Suspect arrested in rapper XXXTentacion’s shooting death

FORT LAUDERDALE — Authorities in Florida have arrested a suspect in the killing of rising rap star XXXTentacion, who was fatally shot in his luxury BMW electric car as he left an upscale motorcycle dealership.Dedrick Devonshay Williams, 22, of Pompan...
Updated: 2 hours ago
St. Pete police: Three lieutenants lied about their work hours

St. Pete police: Three lieutenants lied about their work hours

ST. PETERSBURG — Three lieutenants responsible for supervising the police officers who patrol the city were found to have been faking their work hours instead of showing up for duty on time.In some cases, the watch commanders submitted time sheets st...
Updated: 2 hours ago
Domain Homes: Buyers love them, some others don’t

Domain Homes: Buyers love them, some others don’t

TAMPA — When the 2008 financial crash brought down the nation’s housing market, hundreds of home builders went out of business. Among them was Sharon McSwain Homes in Atlanta, forced to liquidate in 2009.But just as developers like to develop, builde...
Updated: 2 hours ago
Armature Works developers sue Ulele and city of Tampa over use of nearby building

Armature Works developers sue Ulele and city of Tampa over use of nearby building

TAMPA — Two of the city’s hottest developers — the companies behind Ulele and the Armature Works — are heading to court over control of an old city building that sits between the hit eateries. Both want to redevelop the city&...
Updated: 2 hours ago