Make us your home page
Instagram

Today’s top headlines delivered to you daily.

(View our Privacy Policy)

Q&A: War deaths, national anthem, Native Americans in Civil War

Ask the Times

Deaths in recent wars

How many American soldiers have died in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq?

As of May 19, there have been 4,410 U.S. military combat deaths and 13 Defense Department civilian deaths in Operation Iraqi Freedom, for a total of 4,423. Of those, 3,490 were the result of combat, and 933 were nonhostile. The wounded in action count is 31,941.

There have been 2,184 U.S. military combat deaths and three Defense Department civilian deaths in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom. There are also 133 deaths attributed to this campaign that occurred outside of Afghanistan, for a total of 2,320. Of those, 502 were nonhostile. The wounded in action count is 19,765.

The information can be found at the Department of Defense web page: defense.gov/news/casualty.pdf.

Hats off for the anthem

Why are people expected to remove their hats when the national anthem is played?

Tradition, mostly, though there is a law on the books that requires it. U.S. Code, Title 36, Chapter 10, Subsection 171, reads:

"Conduct during playing: During rendition of the national anthem when the flag is displayed, all present except those in uniform should stand at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. Men not in uniform should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should render the military salute at the first note of the anthem and retain this position until the last note. When the flag is not displayed, those present should face toward the music and act in the same manner they would if the flag were displayed there."

There are no enforcement provisions, and no penalty provided for failing to comply. Instead, according to the 2008 update provided by the Congressional Research Service to the Congress: "The Code functions simply as a guide to be voluntarily followed by civilians and civilian groups."

Native Civil War troops

About 188,000 black troops fought for the Union during the Civil War, with about 38,000 killed in combat. Did American Native troops fight for either side?

Native Americans fought for both the Union and the Confederacy, with men from many tribes seeing action. Ely Samuel Parker, a Seneca, became a general in the Union Army, served on Ulysses S. Grant's staff and wrote the terms of surrender that Robert E. Lee signed at Appomattox. Stand Watie, a Cherokee, was a general in the Confederate Army.

Members of the Cherokee, Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes typically sided with the Confederacy and the Union Army formed units — called the Indian Home Guards — from the Delaware, Creek, Seminole, Kickapoo, Seneca, Osage and Shawnee tribes, among others.

Compiled from Times and wire reports. To submit a question, email answers@tampabay.com.

Q&A: War deaths, national anthem, Native Americans in Civil War 05/22/14 [Last modified: Thursday, May 22, 2014 4:47pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times

    

Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

Loading...
  1. Lightning takes defenseman Cal Foote with top pick in draft

    Lightning Strikes

    CHICAGO — Former Avalanche defenseman Adam Foote said his son Cal lived in the locker room.

    Cal Foote, second from left, is welcomed to the Lightning by GM Steve Yzerman, far left.
  2. It's Rays' turn to pound Orioles pitching (w/video)

    The Heater

    ST. PETERSBURG - Ah, the fantastic four.

    The Rays smashed the reeling Orioles 15-5 on Friday, scoring a season-high in runs, to climb four games above .500 for the first time since July 1, 2015.

    Rays third baseman Evan Longoria scores on a triple by Logan Morrison during the first inning against the Orioles.
  3. Lightning picks defenseman Cal Foote

    Blogs

    Cal Foote is the son of former Avs defenseman Adam Foote.
  4. Kids today: They don't work summer jobs the way they used to

    Business

    WASHINGTON — It was at Oregon's Timberline Lodge, later known as a setting in the horror movie The Shining, where Patrick Doyle earned his first real paycheck.

    Teens Ben Testa, from left, Hannah Waring and Abby McDonough, and Wegmeyer Farms owner Tyler Wegmeyer walk the strawberry rows at the Hamilton, Va., farm in late May.
  5. Jeb Bush back in the hunt for the Marlins, now opposing Derek Jeter

    Blogs

    Associated Press:

    Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush has switched sides in pursuit of the Miami Marlins, and he’s trying to beat out former teammate Derek Jeter.