77 subs, divided into 4 classes
How many submarines are in service at the present time?
According to the U.S. Navy's website, there are 77 submarines either in service, under construction or under contract to be built.
There are 18 submarines that carry ballistic or guided missiles. They are the Ohio class. All have a home base either in Bangor, Wash., or King's Bay, Ga. There are 59 "attack" submarines, all nuclear-propelled and spread around the United States or U.S. territories. They are divided into three classes:
• The Los Angeles class has 43 submarines.
• The Virginia class has 13.
• The Seawolf class has 3.
You can read more about the fleet at www.navy.mil/swf/index.asp; type in submarines into the search box.
For answers to all sorts of submarine questions, see www.navy.mil/navydata/cno/n87/faq.html.
What the deuce is up in tennis?
In tennis scoring, "deuce" is called when both players become tied at 40, and it means that one player has to win two consecutive points in order to be declared the winner of that game. My question is, why is it that "30 all" is not considered "deuce"? If one player scores the next two consecutive points he also is declared winner of the game.
You are correct, and you're not the only one who has pondered the peculiarities of this and tennis scoring in general.
Our research has yielded no logical explanation why 30-30 isn't also deuce, except that the tradition of the game states that it's called 30-30, and only 40-40 is considered deuce.
Tennis scoring is widely believed to have originated in medieval France. According to the U.S. Tennis Association website:
"The current scoring was based on the model of the clock: 15, 30, 40 (shortened from 45) and then game). 'Love' came from the French word for egg (l'oeuf), which looks like a zero. The Anglicized pronunciation became 'love.' "
16 states eschew death penalty
I heard that when Illinois ended the death penalty earlier this month, it was the 16th state to do so. What are the others?
The states without a death penalty, and the year in which they ended it:
Alaska (1957), Hawaii (1948), Illinois (2011), Iowa (1965), Maine (1887), Massachusetts (1984), Michigan (1846), Minnesota (1911), New Jersey (2007), New Mexico (2009), New York (2007), North Dakota (1973), Rhode Island (1984), Vermont (1964), West Virginia (1965) and Wisconsin (1853). The District of Columbia also abolished the death penalty (1981).
That leaves, of course, 34 states that still impose the death penalty, including Florida, which had 394 people on death row as of March 10, according to the Department of Corrections.