Russia leads in daily oil output
With all the problems in the Middle East, I got to wondering: What nations produce the most oil?
According to statistics compiled by the CIA, here are the top 20, measured by the number of barrels of oil produced per day:
1. Russia, 10.12 million
2. Saudi Arabia, 9.76 million
3. United States, 9.06 million
4. Iran, 4.17 million
5. China, 3.99 million
6. Canada, 3.29 million
7. Mexico, 3 million
8. United Arab Emirates, 2.8 million
9. Brazil, 2.58 million
10. Kuwait, 2.5 million
11. Venezuela, 2.47 million
12. Iraq, 2.4 million
13. Norway, 2.35 million
14. Nigeria, 2.21 million
15. Algeria, 2.13 million
16. Angola, 1.95 million
17. Libya, 1.79 million
18. Kazakhstan, 1.54 million
19. United Kingdom, 1.5 million
20. Qatar, 1.21 million
The United States is the top oil-using nation at about 19.5 million barrels a day. China is second at 7.8 million, then Japan at 4.78 million, India at 2.96 million and Russia at 2.92 million, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Mother Vine, oak poisonings
Was the poison used on the Auburn oak tree the same as one the North Carolina power company sprayed on the 400-year-old scuppernong Mother Vine last summer? Has the Mother Vine survived?
The product that damaged the Mother Vine was Garlon 3A, which has been on the market since about 1980 and is used to control broadleaf plants, Lloyd Hipkins, a Virginia Tech weed scientist, told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
"The injury to the vine was a case of misapplication, not a malicious act," he wrote. On inspection of the vine, Hipkins said he and Sara Spayd of North Carolina State University believed it had an excellent survival chance and recommended it be pruned past any symptoms of the herbicide. The vine now is doing quite well, he wrote.
Garlon 3A has been off patent for many years and is marketed by many manufacturers and distributors, including Dow Chemical Co.
The product used at Auburn was Spike 80 DF, also a Dow Chemical product, but it also has been off patent for many years and is marketed by many manufacturers and distributors, Hipkins wrote. There is no requirement for a license to purchase either product, and both are safe when used properly, he wrote.
But while Garlon 3A is a part of many lawn care products, Spike 80 DF is not readily available to the public.