Rules for bicycles on sidewalks
I walk on the sidewalks of St. Petersburg and often have to jump out of the way to avoid being run down by bicyclists riding on the sidewalks. Is it even legal for bicyclists to be on the sidewalks?
Bicycle riders are not prohibited from riding on the sidewalks of St. Petersburg, but there are rules governing them. Here are a few of those rules, according to the municipal codes (see http://library.municode.com/index.aspx?clientID=14674&stateID=9&statename=Florida for the complete list of laws):
• No person shall ride a bicycle over and upon any sidewalk within the City in a manner which impedes pedestrian traffic.
• Each person who rides or propels any bicycle upon any street, sidewalk or bicycle path of the City shall comply with all signal lights, stop signs and other traffic-control devices or signals.
• No person shall stand or park a bicycle upon a street other than in a bicycle rack. No person shall stand or park a bicycle upon a public sidewalk other than in a bicycle rack or in such a manner as to afford the least obstruction to pedestrian traffic.
What happens to film copies?
Every year there are hundreds if not thousands of movies made for the theaters. Taking Cars 2 as an example, how many copies of that movie were made from the studio, and what becomes of the films when they stop their run?
We turned to Times film critic Steve Persall for this answer. He writes:
"Well, the question is becoming moot almost weekly, since movies are gradually transitioning to digital downloads. It's cheaper (without the shipping cost for heavy reels) and doesn't deteriorate with use (scratches, splices where the film breaks, etc.). I'd guess that within five years film will be used only for the smallest, shoestring independent productions, documentaries, foreign imports, etc.
"In cases when film is still being used, the number of prints created can be fairly estimated by the number of screens that the movie plays on. Big studio releases get anywhere from around 2,000 to around 4,000 depending on demand. (Harry Potter is on the high end); something like Bridesmaids is closer to the low end of the range. (Cars 2 opened in more than 4,100 theaters).
"As far as what happens to them: Some are so worn out after running for weeks or months (counting discount second-run theaters) that destroying them is the practical result. The ones that are carefully preserved will deteriorate in a few years on the shelf. Good prints of big movies are archived for conversion to home video, historical records or future remastering, or perhaps sold to collectors, although I can't imagine that market is very large. I don't believe there's much, if any, recycling potential for film."