Why 'suspend' a campaign?
Both Santorum and Gingrich have suspended their campaigns. Is there a reason they say "suspend" rather than withdrawing, quitting, ending or another more final-type word?
Suspension of a campaign has been the norm the last few election cycles. Republican presidential contenders Rick Santorum and Newt Gingrich (both in April) and Herman Cain (December) all "suspended" their campaigns.
In 2008, Democratic presidential contender Hillary Rodham Clinton "suspended" her campaign when it became clear she would not overcome Barack Obama for the nomination.
There are two generally accepted reasons why a candidate might suspend a campaign instead of just quitting.
"Politically, it's giving a signal that you could always revive in the off chance that the world changes," said Michael Malbin, executive director of the Campaign Finance Institute and political science professor, in an interview with radio station WNYC.
But the more important reason is money. Suspending a campaign allows you to keep the campaign structure open and continue to raise money to pay the debts incurred on the trail.
"Everyone in the political universe understands what a candidate means when they say 'suspending,' " Joe Birkenstock, a Washington, D.C., lawyer who specializes in campaign finance and election law, told WNYC. "People understand ending the campaign doesn't mean you can walk away from debts."
Clinton, for instance, owed more than $20 million when she suspended her bid. But her campaign (hillaryclinton.com) is still "open" and accepting donations or even orders for a Hillary 2008 T-shirt.
Female editorial cartoonists
Other than the late Helen Hokinson in the late 1940s, have there been or are there now any other female cartoonists?
Editorial cartooning in the United States has been a male-dominated enterprise. But there are many very talented female cartoonists working as editorial cartoonists right now.
The most famous is probably Signe Wilkinson of the Philadelphia Daily News, who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1992. Another Pulitzer winner (2001) is Ann Telnaes, a Swede whose work appears in many U.S. newspapers.
Etta Hulme's work has appeared in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram for 40 years. In 1981, she became the first woman to win the National Cartoonist Society Award for Editorial Cartooning, and she won again in 1998.
Among others, all members in the Association of American Cartoonists: Annette Balesteri, Lisa Benson, Chelsea Carr, Ann Cleaves, Anne Ganz, Jocelyne Leger, Stephanie McMillan, Deb Milbrath, Kate Palmer, Mikhaela Reid, Jen Sorensen, Elena Steier, Sage Stossel and Pam Winters.