WASHINGTON — President Barack Obama, now facing the consequences of automatic spending cuts and the complications they raise for his broader domestic agenda, is taking the most specific steps of his administration in an attempt to ensure the election of a Democratic-controlled Congress in two years.
"What I can't do is force Congress to do the right thing," Obama told reporters at the White House on Friday after a fruitless meeting with Republican leaders to avert the country's latest fiscal crisis, known as the sequester. "The American people may have the capacity to do that."
Obama, fresh off his November re-election, began almost at once executing plans to win back the House in 2014, which he and his advisers believe will be crucial to the outcome of his second term and to his legacy as president.
Obama has committed to raising money for fellow Democrats, agreed to help recruit viable candidates, and launched a political nonprofit group dedicated to furthering his agenda and that of his congressional allies. The goal is to flip the Republican-held House back to Democratic control, allowing Obama to push forward with an agenda on gun control, immigration, climate change and the economy during his final two years in office, according to congressional Democrats, strategists and others familiar with Obama's thinking.
"The president understands that to get anything done, he needs a Democratic majority in the House of Representatives," said Rep. Steve Israel, D-N.Y., chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. "To have a legacy in 2016, he will need a House majority in 2014, and that work has to start now."
This approach marks a significant shift in the way Obama has worked with a divided Congress. He has compromised and badgered, but rarely — and never so early — campaigned to change its composition.
Democrats would have to gain 17 House seats to win back the majority they lost in 2010, and their challenge involves developing a persuasive argument for why the party deserves another chance controlling both Congress and the presidency. In the last election, American voters reaffirmed the political status quo in Washington, choosing to retain a divided government.
Of all the presidents since Franklin D. Roosevelt, only Bill Clinton picked up House seats for his party in the midterm election of his second term. His approval rating on the eve of the 1998 contest was 65 percent, 14 points above Obama's current public standing.
Obama has committed to eight fundraisers for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee this year, compared with two events in 2009. The Democrats lost the House the following year, and Obama's legislative agenda has stalled since then.
The president has also pledged to put his formidable campaign organization, now known as Organizing for Action, behind Democratic House candidates and to find ways to share its rich trove of voter data with the party's campaign committee.
After delivering his election victory speech in November, Obama walked off the Chicago stage and made two phone calls related to his political plans — one to Israel and one to Rep. Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., the last Democratic House speaker.
Israel said Obama told him "how focused he would be on winning a House majority for the Democrats," many of whom complained that the president did not do enough during his first term to help members on the Hill.
In early January, Israel said, he met in Washington with Jim Messina, Obama's re-election campaign manager and now head of Organizing for Action. The subject was the 2014 midterms.
"If 2012 was a referendum on President Obama, then 2014 will be a referendum on the tea party Congress," Israel said. "And the president and House Democrats are joined at the hip on this."
In his State of the Union address, Obama outlined an agenda that called for gun control measures, immigration legislation, a hike in the minimum wage, and a new focus on climate change, among other items that poll well with the public.
So far, though, most of the proposals have little traction in the Republican-controlled House.
That is among the risks of Obama's strategy to define the differences between his agenda and the Republicans': He could be seen as the kind of partisan politician he once deplored, and he is likely to have little to show for it in terms of legislative achievements.
In a January speech, House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, warned that Obama intends to "annihilate" the Republican Party in his second term, a charge the White House denied.
But a Boehner spokesman, Brendan Buck, said, "The president would like nothing more than to have complete liberal control of Congress for his last two years in office."
Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., a former chairman of the party's House campaign committee, said, "The president's priority is to try to pass the agenda that he ran on, and everything he's doing now is in pursuit of that goal."