NEWTOWN, Conn. — They relocated the entire student body to a new school unstained by blood. They brought in counselors to soothe shattered nerves, and parents to comfort the distraught.
But authorities know they cannot erase the lingering effects of the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School — students and faculty members still on edge, still traumatized by the sounds of gunshots and by the horrors they survived.
In the new school building in the neighboring town of Monroe, police remain a presence. Signs ask people to close doors softly and not to drag objects across the floor.
"There are reactions to noises, doors slamming, things being dropped have a strong startled response," said Newtown school superintendent Janet Robinson.
A group of Sandy Hook Elementary third-graders attending a Brownie meeting on a recent day heard a loud noise and looked around nervously. Though the troop leader assured them it was probably just someone pushing a cart, one girl began to cry.
"You can tell that every little sound that is made in that school, the kids are still extremely scared," said Brenda Lebinski, parent of a third-grader who witnessed the episode.
At home, Robinson said, parents say children have cried and asked, "Is the bad man coming back?"
"Having your safety shattered for everyone involved — kids, parents, teachers, administrators — I think it's going to be very difficult to recapture that sense of safety," Robinson said.
On Dec. 14, a 20-year-old gunman entered the school and shot 20 first-graders and six staff members to death before killing himself.
Since the school reopened, parents have been volunteering as hall monitors and aides to help comfort the students. Teachers, still coping with their own trauma, also struggle to make the children feel safe.
"I think they're exhausted, mentally, physically," said Wendy Davenson, a therapist working with school staff. "It takes ages to create a safe environment after something like this. I think the teachers are trying so hard to do that for the students and yet some of them may not really feel particularly safe either."