Albert Murray, 97, an essayist, critic and novelist who influenced the national discussion about race by challenging black separatism, insisting that the black experience was essential to American culture and inextricably tied to it, died Aug. 18 in New York. As a leading figure in the black intelligentsia in the 1960s and 1970s, he insisted that integration was necessary, inescapable and the only path forward for the country.
Ron Motley, 68, a South Carolina trial lawyer who built a fortune out of high-risk cases against the asbestos and tobacco industries, leading the litigation team in the tobacco case that helped bring about the largest civil settlement in U.S. history — $246 billion — died of respiratory complications Thursday in Charleston, S.C.
Rosalia Mera, 69, a Spanish entrepreneur who had dropped out of school at 11 to work as a seamstress and went on to help start a global fashion empire, Zara, becoming the world's richest self-made woman, died of stroke Aug. 15 in La Coruna.
Ted Post, 95, a veteran television and film director who directed a young Clint Eastwood on TV's Rawhide and later directed the film legend in the hit movies Hang 'Em High and Magnum Force, died Tuesday in Santa Monica, Calif.
Cedar Walton, 79, a pianist and composer who worked with almost every major jazz performer of his era, from John Coltrane to Art Blakey to Abbey Lincoln, and who was honored as a National Endowment for the Arts jazz master, died Aug. 19 in Brooklyn, N.Y.
C. Gordon Fullerton, 76, an astronaut who performed the first flight test of a space shuttle in 1977, then piloted two shuttle missions — including one in which an engine failed shortly after takeoff but completed its mission — died on Wednesday in Lancaster, Calif. As a test pilot for the Air Force and NASA, he flew more than 130 different types of aircraft.
Julie Harris, 87, one of Broadway's most honored performers, whose roles ranged from the flamboyant Sally Bowles in I Am a Camera to the reclusive Emily Dickinson in The Belle of Amherst, died Saturday in New York. She won a record five Tony Awards for best actress in a play.