Emil Frei III, 89, an oncologist whose trailblazing use of combination chemotherapy — in which anticancer drugs are administered simultaneously rather than singly — helped make certain cancers curable for the first time, died on Tuesday in Oak Park, Ill. Combination chemotherapy is now a standard treatment for a wide range of cancers.
Deanna Durbin, 91, the singing starlet with the bubbly personality whose enormously popular movies were widely credited with saving Universal Pictures from bankruptcy during the Depression, died in April in France. Her popularity peaked by her late teens and by her mid 20s she had left Hollywood, made wealthy by her relatively brief career.
Janos Starker, 88, one of the 20th century's most renowned cellists, whose restrained onstage elegance was amply matched by the cyclone of Scotch, cigarettes and opinion that animated his offstage life, died on April 28 in Bloomington, Ind.
Tom Knapp, 62, an exhibition shotgun virtuoso who broke world records by picking off flocks of airborne clay targets with the flair of a western movie hero and dazzled crowds with his shattering of golf balls, radishes, aspirin and other flying targets, died of pulmonary fibrosis on April 26 in Rochester, Minn.
Mary Thom, 68, a chronicler of the feminist movement and former executive editor of Ms. Magazine, died in a motorcycle accident in Yonkers, N.Y., on April 26. She was known as a journalistic virtuoso who shaped the writing of many feminist luminaries, including Gloria Steinem.
Alfredo Guevara Valdes, 87, a Marxist intellectual and ally of Fidel Castro who presided over Cuba's powerful state-financed film industry and its many acclaimed movies for much of the Castro era, died of a heart attack on April 19 in Havana.
Anna Merz, 81, who went to Kenya seeking a serene retirement but became so appalled by the slaughter of black rhinoceroses that she helped start a reserve to protect them, becoming a leader in the fight against their extinction, died on April 4 in Melkrivier, South Africa.