Lorin Maazel, 84, a former child prodigy who went on to become the music director of the New York Philharmonic, the Cleveland Orchestra, the Vienna State Opera and several other ensembles and companies around the world, and who was known for his incisive and sometimes extreme interpretations, died of pneumonia July 13 in Castleton, Va.
James MacGregor Burns, 95, one of the country's pre-eminent political historians, who won the Pulitzer Prize for his 1970 study of Franklin D. Roosevelt and was instrumental in developing the interdisciplinary field of leadership studies, died Tuesday in Williamstown, Mass.
P.N. Furbank, 94, a British critic and scholar whose life of E.M. Forster was widely viewed as one of the 20th century's leading achievements in literary biography, died June 27 in London.
Robert Stein, 90, who helped expand the scope of women's magazines as editor-in-chief of McCall's and Redbook in the early stages of the modern women's movement, publishing articles about race and politics and introducing readers to the nascent writings of feminist leaders like Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem, died July 9 in Westport, Conn.
Charlie Haden, 76, who helped change the shape of jazz more than a half-century ago as the bassist in Ornette Coleman's groundbreaking quartet, died July 11 in Los Angeles. In liberating the instrument from its traditional rhythm section role, he became one of the most influential bassists in the history of jazz.
Frederick I. Ordway III, 87, whose expertise in science fiction and real space exploration helped shape the groundbreaking imagery and feel of the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, died July 1 in Huntsville, Ala.
Robert A. Roe, 90, who as a Democratic congressman from New Jersey for 23 years played a key role in financing projects to expand the nation's highway and mass transit systems and to combat water and ground pollution, died of congestive heart failure Tuesday in Green Pond, N.J.