Peter Huttenlocher, 82, a pediatric neurologist and neuroscientist whose innovative research revealed that brains develop rapidly in young children and later decline in the ability to adapt, died of pneumonia and complications of Parkinson's disease Aug. 15 in Chicago. His findings have influenced education and government policy and parents' priorities, putting increased emphasis on the importance of early education.
John J. Gilligan, 92, a liberal Democratic governor of Ohio in the 1970s whose creation of the state income tax was his most lasting accomplishment and also the undoing of his political career, died Monday. His daughter Kathleen Sebelius, a former governor of Kansas, in 2009 became Health and Human Services secretary under President Barack Obama.
Gilbert Taylor, 99, the British cinematographer behind hit movies like Star Wars, The Omen, Dr. Strangelove and A Hard Day's Night, died Aug. 23 on the Isle of Wight.
William Glasser, 88, a psychiatrist, education reform advocate and bestselling author whose unorthodox emphasis on personal responsibility for mental problems sold millions of books, caught the attention of educators and earned him an international following, died of respiratory failure Aug. 23 in Los Angeles.
Bruce C. Murray, 81, a planetary geologist who won his spurs interpreting findings of early missions to Mars and who led NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory through a time of flagging support for new flights in the late 1970s, died of Alzheimer's disease Thursday in Oceanside, Calif.
Anthony Pawson, 60, a Canadian cell biologist whose pathbreaking insights about how cells communicate with one another resolved one of science's oldest mysteries and helped spur the development of a class of drugs that target cancer, diabetes and other diseases, died Aug. 7 in Toronto.
Jesse Marcel Jr., 76, who said he handled debris from the 1947 crash of an unidentified flying object near Roswell, N.M., died Aug. 24 in Helena, Mont. Over the past 35 years, he appeared on TV shows, documentaries and radio shows, was interviewed for magazine articles and books, and traveled the world lecturing about his experiences in Roswell.
Sathima Bea Benjamin, 76, who as an internationally recognized jazz singer became both an ambassador for her South African homeland and a beacon of principled objection to apartheid, died Aug. 20 in Cape Town. During a career of more than 50 years, she upheld a style of elegant composure and deliberative understatement, singing in a honeyed, faintly smoky mezzo-soprano.