William P. Clark, 81, who as one of President Ronald Reagan's most trusted advisers nudged him toward more hard-line positions on military spending, arms control and involvement in Central America, died of complications of Parkinson's disease Aug. 10 near Shandon, Calif. He served as deputy secretary of state, national security adviser and secretary of the interior during Reagan's first term.
David C. Jones, 92, who as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the Carter and Reagan administrations helped set in motion a sweeping reorganization of the nation's military command, died of Parkinson's disease Aug. 10 in Potomac Falls, Va. Early in 1982, near the end of his second two-year term as chairman of the Joint Chiefs, the general proposed far-reaching changes aimed at enhancing the chairman's influence while curbing interservice rivalry. Though his proposals drew opposition, the military reorganization he envisioned became a reality through an act of Congress in 1986.
Jean Bethke Elshtain, 72, a philosopher of politics and religion whose erudite writings on good and evil, war and peace, and the moral imperative of American global military engagement made her an intellectual beacon for neoconservative policymakers in the post-Sept. 11 era, died of a heart valve infection Aug. 11 in Nashville.
Barbara Mertz, 85, an Egyptologist who wrote best-selling mysteries and supernatural thrillers, many of them set in the Middle East, under the pen names Elizabeth Peters and Barbara Michaels, died of complications of a pulmonary embolism Aug. 8 in Frederick, Md.
Tompall Glaser, 79, a key figure in country music's outlaw movement of the 1970s, died Tuesday in Nashville. He was one of four Nashville performers, along with Willie Nelson, Waylon Jennings and Jessi Colter, featured on the 1976 compilation Wanted! The Outlaws, the first album in the history of country music to be certified platinum for sales of 1 million copies. The album all but single-handedly introduced Nashville's expression of the freewheeling outlaw spirit to the popular mainstream.
Pauline Maier, 75, a distinguished historian of the United States' formative years whose challenges to conventional thinking included the assertion that Thomas Jefferson was "overrated," died of lung cancer Monday in Cambridge, Mass.
Eduardo Falu, 90, an Argentine guitarist and composer who married the rigor and harmony of folk music with the virtuosity of classical technique and who became a leading cultural ambassador, died Aug. 9 in Cordoba province. In a career spanning more than six decades, he wrote hundreds of compositions that often drew on Latin American poetry and literature.
Laszlo Csatary, 98, a former Hungarian police officer who was once declared the most-wanted Nazi war criminal and who was indicted in June for his alleged role in the deportation of thousands of Jews to death camps, died of pneumonia Aug. 10 in Budapest. He denied the accusations brought against him.