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Adam Baker, who died Sunday in Rochester, N.Y., was the lead plaintiff in the “Courageous 12” lawsuit. In 1965, 12 black police officers filed a landmark lawsuit alleging racial discrimination by the police department and the city of St. Petersburg. They complained of being relegated to “C-cars” (for “colored”), being limited to the city’s most dangerous areas without opportunities for advancement, and being subjected to retaliation for speaking out. The suit was dismissed, but reversed on appeal, changing working conditions for minority officers. BOYZELL HOSEY | Times (2008)

Adam Baker, leader of 'Courageous 12' black officers who sued for equality, dies at 78

ST. PETERSBURG — There were too many plaintiffs to fit on one line. That is what the lawyer that night in 1965 told his clients, a dozen black police officers who had been meeting in one another's living rooms for a year and a half. If these officers were going to file their discrimination lawsuit, one of them need …