Attorneys general for the District of Columbia and the state of Maryland say they will sue President Donald Trump today, alleging that he has violated anticorruption clauses in the Constitution by accepting millions in payments and benefits from foreign governments since moving into the White House.
The lawsuit, the first of its kind brought by government entities, centers on the fact that Trump chose to retain ownership of his company when he became president. Trump said in January that he was shifting his business assets into a trust managed by his sons to eliminate potential conflicts of interests.
But D.C. Attorney General Karl Racine and Maryland Attorney General Brian Frosh, both Democrats, say Trump has broken many promises to keep separate his public duties and private business interests, including receiving regular updates about his company's financial health.
The lawsuit, which Racine and Frosh described to the Washington Post on Sunday night, could open a new front for Trump as he navigates dueling investigations by special counsel Robert Mueller and congressional committees of possible collusion between his associates and the Russian government during the 2016 presidential campaign.
If a federal judge allows the case to proceed, Racine and Frosh say, one of the first steps would be to demand through the discovery process copies of Trump's personal tax returns to gauge the extent of his foreign business dealings. That fight would most likely end up before the Supreme Court, the two said, with Trump's attorneys having to defend why the returns should remain private.
"This case is, at its core, about the right of Marylanders, residents of the District of Columbia and all Americans to have honest government," Frosh said, referring to parts of the Constitution known as the "emoluments" clauses, which prohibit U.S. officials from taking gifts or other benefits from foreign governments. "The emoluments clauses command that . . . the president put the country first and not his own personal interest first."
Racine said he felt obligated to file suit against Trump in part because the Republican-controlled Congress has not taken the president's apparent conflicts seriously.
"We're getting in here to be the check and balance that it appears Congress is unwilling to be," he said. "We're bringing suit because the president has not taken adequate steps to separate himself from his business interests."
The lawsuit by Washington, D.C., and Maryland will be the second major legal action related to emoluments. The first was filed in January by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington or CREW, a D.C.-based watchdog group. Last week, a group of Democratic members of Congress said they also planned to file suit soon. Each, however, faces legal hurdles over standing to sue the president.
In the D.C. area, both the District and Maryland will cite ways they have been adversely affected by the opening of the Trump International Hotel last year near the White House.
The hotel has tilted the playing field in the city's travel and entertainment industry in favor of a venue leased by a Trump company.
The Embassy of Kuwait held an event at the hotel after initially booking at the Four Seasons. Saudi Arabia, the destination of Trump's first trip abroad, also booked rooms at the hotel through an intermediary on more than one occasion since Trump's inauguration.
The hotel may be drawing business away from both the taxypayer-owned D.C. convention center and one in nearby Maryland subsidized by taxpayers.
Norman Eisen, who served as White House ethics lawyer for President Barack Obama and is CREW's board chairman, said jurisdictions such as D.C. and Maryland are among the "most perfect plaintiffs" to sue over emoluments because they have a coequal say in making sure the Constitution is being enforced.
"In the emoluments clauses, we have these ancient air bags that were placed in the Constitution by the framers that are now being deployed," Eisen said. "Trump is the framers' worst-case scenario; a president who would seize office and attempt to exploit his position for personal financial gain with every governmental entity imaginable, across the United States or around the world."