Make us your home page
Instagram

Today’s top headlines delivered to you daily.

(View our Privacy Policy)

PolitiFact Florida | Tampa Bay Times
Sorting out the truth in state politics

PolitiFact Florida: Jeb Bush says he helped reduce youth heroin use as governor

Republican presidential hopeful Jeb Bush participated in the Forum on Addiction and the Heroin Epidemic at Southern New Hampshire University in Hooksett, N.H., on Jan. 5.

New York Times

Republican presidential hopeful Jeb Bush participated in the Forum on Addiction and the Heroin Epidemic at Southern New Hampshire University in Hooksett, N.H., on Jan. 5.

Addiction is a deeply personal issue for Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush, whose daughter, Noelle, suffered from addiction and a string of related criminal charges while he was governor of Florida.

Bush offered a glimpse into "the heartbreak of drug abuse" in a post on the website Medium, along with policy proposals to better address addiction based on his gubernatorial tenure.

"As governor of Florida, I used a combination of strategies to help reduce heroin use among youth in Florida by approximately 50 percent," Bush wrote.

We wondered if Bush, who took office in January 1999 and left in January 2007, was right.

His campaign cited the 2006 Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey conducted by the Florida Department of Children and Families.

For heroin use, the survey offers two measurements  —  heroin use at any time of one's life, and heroin use during the past 30 days.

For the category  of heroin use in one's lifetime, 2.2 percent of respondents ages 11 to 18 had used it in 2000, compared to 1.1 percent in 2006. That's a 50 percent decrease.

For the second category  of heroin use in the past 30 days, 0.8 percent reported using it in 2000, compared to 0.4 percent in 2006. That's also down 50 percent.

So numerically, Bush has a point. However, experts said it's worth taking those numbers with a grain of salt. One concern is the percentage of youth using heroin is small, meaning the differences from year to year are small  and potentially unreliable.

The report even cautions heroin use in the youth population is "extremely rare," and not just in Florida: "Nationally, no lifetime prevalence rate for heroin has exceeded 2.4 percent in the eighth, 10th or 12th grades in the past decade. . . . Given the extremely low prevalence rates associated with heroin use by Florida students, analyses that attempt to precisely specify or quantify changes over time are subject to error."

In addition, for both measurements, the biggest drop came between 2000 and 2001, with minimal changes between 2002 and 2006. That seemed curious to Lloyd Johnston, a senior research scientist at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research and principal investigator of the Monitoring the Future study, which tracks drug use in the United States.

"While that is possible, I don't think it very plausible," Johnston said. "Rates almost always change more gradually."

Among other curiosities, Johnston said he would not expect a one-year decline that steep for lifetime heroin use. From year to year, the pool of respondents is mostly the same. In the first year, the survey includes youth who are 11 through 18 years of age. The following year, the 18-year-olds drop out and a new group of 11-year-olds joins, but all the other groups are included again. With such modest changes from year to year in the makeup of the age groups, one would not expect a large change in heroin use over a lifetime from one year to the next, Johnston said.

"That makes the lifetime improvement in 2001 highly implausible," Johnston said, adding that a sizable change in the 30-day rates would be more plausible.

There's also a separate issue: Did Bush's policies help engineer this decline?

That's hard to say, though drug policy experts in Florida praise Bush for his work on the issue.

James Hall, a drug abuse epidemiologist at Nova Southeastern University, said that Bush gave the issue high priority, including the creation of a drug policy office out of his own office to coordinate law enforcement, treatment, education and prevention. The office — which was later eliminated by Gov. Rick Scott — made a "very significant contribution" to drug policy in the state, Hall said.

In addition, Bush championed community-based anti-drug coalitions that helped consolidate prevention efforts, Hall said. And his wife, Columba, was also active in drug- and alcohol-abuse issues, he added.

Still, such efforts likely had a "marginal influence" on heroin-use rates, Hall said. Often, broader issues such as demographic and social trends have a bigger impact.

Johnston's own study found heroin use among youth was declining nationally between 1999 and 2007, the full extent of Bush's term in office. "For the three grades we study (eighth, 10th, and 12th), the combined prevalence of heroin use during the prior 12 months declined from 1.3 percent in 1999 to 0.8 percent in 2007," he said. That's a drop of about 40 percent  —  not far from the Florida-only results.

The only statistics for this claim support Bush's statement, but there are legitimate questions about the data. We rate the claim Half True.

Edited for print. Read more at PolitiFact.com/florida. Contact Louis Jacobson at ljacobson@tampabay.com. Follow @loujacobson.

FPO

The statement

"As governor of Florida, I used a combination of strategies to help reduce heroin use among youth in Florida by approximately 50 percent."

Jeb Bush, Jan. 4 in a column posted on Medium

The ruling

The only statistics that directly address his statement offer numeric support. However, the report in question cautions against drawing broad conclusions for such low-frequency events as youth heroin addiction, and experts thought it curious that the drop essentially happened in the first year, with little change after that. Experts praise Bush for his drug policies, but it's important to note that broader demographic and social factors — reflected in falling youth heroin use nationally during that period — likely made a difference as well. We rate the claim Half True.

PolitiFact Florida: Jeb Bush says he helped reduce youth heroin use as governor 01/17/16 [Last modified: Sunday, January 17, 2016 10:08pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times

    

Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

Loading...
  1. First WannaCry, now cyberattack Petya spreads from Russia to Britain

    Business

    Computer systems from Russia to Britain were victims of an international cyberattack Tuesday in a hack that bore similarities to a recent one that crippled tens of thousands of machines worldwide.

    A computer screen cyberattack warning notice reportedly holding computer files to ransom, as part of a massive international cyberattack, at an office in Kiev, Ukraine, on Tuesday.  A new and highly virulent outbreak of malicious data-scrambling software appears to be causing mass disruption across Europe.
[Oleg Reshetnyak via AP]
  2. Pinellas sheriff's corporal had racist, sexist, pornographic content on his cell phone

    Public Safety

    LARGO — A Pinellas County sheriff's corporal resigned recently after an investigation into an alleged extramarital affair revealed a trove of racist, sexist and pornographic images on his personal cell phone.

    Shawn Pappas, 46, resigned as a training division corporal from the Pinellas County Sheriff's Office after an investigation revealed a trove of offensive images and videos on his phone. This photo was taken as a screenshot from one of the videos released by the Sheriff's Office that Pappas filmed while on duty. [Pinellas County Sheriff's Office]
  3. Sen. Angus King, I-Maine reflects on the news from the Congressional Budget Office analysis that could imperil GOP leaders' hopes of pushing their health care the plan through the chamber this week, Tuesday, on Capitol Hill in Washington. [AP photo]
  4. Review: Dan Auerbach, Benjamin Booker plumb the past for inspiration on new albums

    Music & Concerts

    It didn't take Benjamin Booker long to get lumped in with the greats. The Tampa-raised singer-songwriter's 2014 self-titled blues-punk debut brought widespread acclaim, not to mention an appearance on The Late Show with David Letterman, a tour with Jack White and sessions with Mavis Staples.

    The cover of Benjamin Booker's new album "Witness." Credit: ATO Records
  5. Fourth of July in Tampa Bay: parades, hot dog parties, concerts and more things to do

    Events

    Looking for things to do on the Fourth of July in Tampa Bay? There is no shortage of patriotic events, from the Hot Dog Party concerts and eating contest in Tampa, to the parades in Land O' Lakes and Safety Harbor, to the swinging dance party at St. Petersburg's Museum of Fine arts, there's an abundance of things to do …

    The annual Independence Day parade in Brandon kicks off at 10 a.m. on July 4 at 101 E Lumsden Road. [EVE EDELHEIT   |   Times (2015)]